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Project risk management for community-based post-disaster housing reconstruction project

Ophiyandri, T., Amaratunga, Dilanthi and Pathirage, Chaminda (2013) Project risk management for community-based post-disaster housing reconstruction project. In: 2013 International Conference on Building Resilience, 17th-19th September 2013, Heritance Ahungalla, Sri Lanka.

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Indonesia is a highly disaster prone country, particularly to earthquakes. In the last decade,
Indonesia has been hit by three large earthquakes; Aceh in December 2004, Yogyakarta in
May 2006, and West Sumatra in September 2009. These earthquakes have created
considerable losses to Indonesian communities, lead to 130,000 fatalities, US$10.3 billions
economic losses, and 500,000 of heavily damaged houses. The massive housing
reconstruction has been found to be the most problematic sector of housing reconstruction
programme. Although community-based post-disaster housing reconstruction project
(CPHRP) has been implemented, nevertheless the outcome was still overshadowed by the
delay in delivery, cost escalation, unexpected quality, and community dissatisfaction. The
implementation of good practice of project risk management in construction industry is
expected to enhance the success of CPHRP. Accordingly, this study aims to develop a risk
management model for community-based post-disaster housing reconstruction approach.
In order to achieve the aim and objective of the research, multiple case studies is selected as
research strategies. This study implements the sequential mixed method application, started
with semi-structure interview and followed by questionnaire survey as the primary method.
Content analysis was used to analyse qualitative data, whilst descriptive and inferential
statistics were deployed to analyse quantitative data.
This study reveals the importance of the understanding on community-based approach in
post-disaster housing reconstruction. Four highly significant advantages of CPHRP have been
discovered, with ‘create sense of ownership’ of beneficiaries to the project as the most
significant advantage. It was also found that the psychological advantage of CPHRP is more
dominant compare to the construction advantage. Further, the risk assessment has discovered
some high risk events during the pre-construction stage of CPHRP. The most affected project
objective by them is project time completion. Risk response document has also been
proposed. Moreover, this study found twelve critical success factors (CSFs) of CPHRP, with
the highest CSFs is ‘transparency and accountability’. With careful attention on the above
findings, it is expected the success of the implementation of CPHRP can be increased

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD61 Risk Management
T Technology > TH Building construction
Schools: School of Art, Design and Architecture
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Depositing User: Sara Taylor
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2015 16:33
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 18:18


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