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AcrB et al.: Obstinate contaminants in a picogram scale. One more bottleneck in the membrane protein structure pipeline

Psakis, Georgios, Polaczek, Julia and Essen, Lars-Oliver (2009) AcrB et al.: Obstinate contaminants in a picogram scale. One more bottleneck in the membrane protein structure pipeline. Journal of Structural Biology, 166 (1). pp. 107-111. ISSN 1047-8477

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Heterologous expression of integral membrane proteins from Helicobacter pylori 26695 in Escherichia coli enabled the identification of 17 candidates for purification and subsequent crystallization. 45% of the purified proteins were contaminated with what was later identified as the multidrug efflux pump (AcrB)of E. coli, and 17% with the succinate dehydrogenase. While additional purification steps ensured removal of succinate dehydrogenase, they failed to remove AcrB completely, leaving picogram amounts present infractions intended for 3D-crystallization. Two of these targets, the Na+ dependent D-glucose/D-galactose transporter (GluP-HP1174) and the carbon starvation protein A (CstA-HP1168), produced small crystals(<40 lm). Crystals from the GluP preparation diffracted to 4.2 A resolution and belonged to the rhombohedral space group H32. Subsequent molecular replacement proved that these crystals were derived from a contaminant, the efflux transporter AcrB. This unexpected crystallization of AcrB from picogram amounts was observed in six new conditions. The systematic occurrence of AcrB in membrane preparations stems from the upregulation of its transcription in response to the stress induced by the expression of a selected target. This, along with its tendency to crystallize in the picogram scale, poses a serious concern in membrane protein expression using heterologous hosts harbouring AcrB.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Schools: School of Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Georgios Psakis
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2013 13:42
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 19:45


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