Diwan, Milind, Edgecock, R., Hasegawa, Takuya, Patzak, Thomas, Shiozawa, Masato and Strait, Jim (2013) Future Long-Baseline Neutrino Facilities and Detectors. Advances in High Energy Physics, 2013 (460123). ISSN 1687-7365

We review the ongoing effort in the US, Japan, and Europe of the scientific community to study the location and the detectorperformance of the next-generation long-baseline neutrino facility. For many decades, research on the properties of neutrinos andthe use of neutrinos to study the fundamental building blocks of matter has unveiled new, unexpected laws of nature. Results ofneutrino experiments have triggered a tremendous amount of development in theory: theories beyond the standard model or at
least extensions of it and development of the standard solarmodel andmodeling of supernova explosions aswell as the development
of theories to explain the matter-antimatter asymmetry in the universe. Neutrino physics is one of the most dynamic and exciting
fields of research in fundamental particle physics and astrophysics.The next-generation neutrino detector will address two aspects:
fundamental properties of the neutrino like mass hierarchy, mixing angles, and the CP phase, and low-energy neutrino astronomy with solar, atmospheric, and supernova neutrinos. Such a new detector naturally allows for major improvements in the search for nucleon decay. A next-generation neutrino observatory needs a huge, megaton scale detector which in turn has to be installed in a new, international underground laboratory, capable of hosting such a huge detector.

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