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Protecting the environment: the role of environmental management systems

Watson, Michael (2006) Protecting the environment: the role of environmental management systems. Journal of the Royal Society for the promotion of health, 126 (6). pp. 280-284. ISSN 1466-4240

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Environmental management and auditing systems are increasingly important. They have
significant roles to play in relation to environmental protection, workplace safety and public
health. Businesses and non-commercial organisations adopt such systems for a variety of
reasons. The extent to which they are used varies very considerably between developed
countries. The effectiveness of national regulatory systems seems to be a major factor. In the
United Kingdom environmental regulators have traditionally sought the voluntary compliance
of businesses. This strategy is closely associated with the near absence of administrative
penalties. It seems that a wide range of environmental administrative penalties will be
introduced in the near future. This may greatly encourage more firms to introduce
environmental management and auditing systems.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2006 Royal Society for the Promotion of Health.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Administrative penalties; EMAS; environmental management systems; environmental regulation;
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Schools: Huddersfield Business School
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Trends in Environmental Sentencing in England and Wales, Environmental Resources Management (ERM) Ltd, 2003. 25. Malcolm J. Prosecuting for environmental crime: does crime pay? Environmental Law and Management, 2002; 14(5): 289–295; Watson M. Offences against the environment: the economics of crime and punishment. Environmental Law and Management, 2004; 16(4): 200–204. 26. Woods and Macrory, note 9 above, Appendix B. 27. Harvey F. Environment criminals face tougher fines, Financial Times, 2004, 29 November. See also Clover C. ‘Pledge to decriminalise environmental offences’, Daily Telegraph, 2004, 29 November. 28. ‘Post-election agenda on environmental justice takes shape’, Report 359, Environmental Data Services (ENDS), London, 2004, 27–31, at 28–30. 29. ‘Review seeks alternatives to criminal prosecutions’, Report 372, Environmental Data Services (ENDS), London, 2006. 30. Cane P.Are Environmental Harms Special?, Journal of Environmental Law, 13(1): 3–20, at 7. 31. The availability of resources is another matter. See Squeeze on Agency funds could jeopardise civil penalties regime, Report 361, Environmental Data Services (ENDS), London, 2005, 37. 32. There is perhaps a need for an ‘evidentiary privilege’ that would give forms limited legal protection if they acknowledged environmental shortcomings in published reports. This is an important issue in litigious societies such as the U.S.A. See Bhur, N and Freedman M. Culture, institutional factors and differences in environmental disclosure between Canada and the United States. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 2001; 12: 293–322; Koven L, The environmental self-audit evidentiary privilege, UCLA Law Review, 1998; 45(5): 1166–2000.
Depositing User: Sara Taylor
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2007
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2021 23:36


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