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Students and the teaching of Arabic grammar at Jordanian schools

Al-Qudah, Hatem Ahmed (2002) Students and the teaching of Arabic grammar at Jordanian schools. Doctoral thesis, University of Huddersfield.

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    The main purpose of this study is to explore the reasons for students' weaknesses in
    grammar at Jordanian schools, taking as an example the upper basic stage (ages 14-16
    years) in the Al-karak district. The study consists of nine chapters; the first three
    chapters explain the background and context of the study, the teaching of Arabic
    grammar in Jordan and the heart of the problem together with an outline of previous
    research. The fourth chapter explains the methodology and procedures of the study.
    The fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth chapters present the findings of the study and a
    discussion of the findings. And finally the ninth chapter is the conclusion and
    recommendations of the study. This chapter points out that some further research is
    needed in the area of grammar learning and teaching.
    The methods of data collection were the questionnaire and interview. One
    questionnaire was developed, directed to the teachers of Arabic and the students of the
    upper basic stage (eighth, ninth and tenth grades). The interviews were conducted
    with teachers of Arabic, students and the education supervisors. The sample of the
    questionnaire was 700 students and 135 teachers. The sample of the interview was 10
    teachers, 15 students who were selected upon their willingness to be interviewed. 7
    education supervisors who form the whole population were also interviewed.
    The collected data was analysed based on the frequencies and percentages of the
    responses. They showed several reasons for students' weaknesses in grammar which
    attracted high percentages of the participants' acceptance. For instance, 70 per cent of
    students considered the unavailability of audiovisual aids one of the reasons for their
    weaknesses in grammar. About half (58.6 per cent) of the students considered the
    lack of standard Arabic being used by the teachers of other subjects as one of the
    reasons for the weaknesses. From the teachers' point of view, two reasons attracted
    the vast majority (89.6 per cent) of their agreement. The first one was students' belief
    that the formal assessment for students' achievement is lenient. The second one was
    the lack of previous knowledge of grammar amongst students. The next strong reason
    for the weaknesses was students' belief that grammar is difficult to understand.
    Students' carelessness with previous preparation for grammar lessons was also
    considered one of the strong reasons for the weaknesses in grammar.
    Education supervisors emphasised that the procedures of teachers appointments are
    not based on the criteria of teachers' quality and that makes it possible to nominate
    some teachers who are not able to teach grammar successfully. They also blamed the
    lack of effective preparation for grammar lessons by the teachers. The supervisors
    stressed the teachers' weaknesses in grammar. There were many other more subtle
    reasons for the students' problems which are discussed in depth. The study came up
    with several recommendations to develop grammar teaching in Jordan as well as some
    further research related to this study. The original contribution of this study is the
    combination between the perceptions of students, teachers and education supervisors
    which enriches the data. It also discussed the procedures of teachers' appointing as
    one of the issues most neglected by most of the previous studies.

    Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
    Additional Information: EThOS Persistent ID:
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Learning Education Linguistics Education Linguistics
    Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
    Schools: School of Education and Professional Development
    Depositing User: Sharon Beastall
    Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2011 09:41
    Last Modified: 16 Mar 2011 09:41


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