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Spatial analysis of temporal criminality evolution: an environmental criminology study of crime in the Maltese Islands

Formosa, Saviour (2007) Spatial analysis of temporal criminality evolution: an environmental criminology study of crime in the Maltese Islands. Doctoral thesis, University of Huddersfield.

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    Abstract

    The study, the first of its kind in the Maltese Islands, reviewed crime in a spatio-temporal aspect
    based on where offenders live, interact and commit crime. The study has sought to develop an
    understanding of the Maltese Islands’ crime within a social and landuse structure through the
    employment of high-end GIS tools.
    A study at European and Small Islands level resulted in a relative safety-danger dynamic score
    model that shows that Malta is safe, though progressively decreasing in relative safety. A 40-year
    analysis depicted increasing crime rates as well as changes in crime categories. Findings
    highlight a high foreign prisoner component, highly-specific local-offender social situations with
    residential and poverty clustering. The findings show that the Maltese offender is male, young, a
    recidivist, increasingly less literate, has had a secondary education, single, unemployed and
    increasingly partaking to serious crimes.
    Residential analysis show a preference for the harbour region where offenders live in areas
    characterised by poverty that have disproportionate offender concentrations when compared to
    their shrinking population concentration. Offences committed by convicted offenders fall within
    high dwelling concentrations, vacant dwelling concentrations, apartment zones and low
    population density areas. Offender-offence findings show that Maltese offenders commit crime
    close to their residence mostly travelling less than 5 km.
    Reported offence analysis results in high summer rates, with specific weekend to weekday
    differences, concentrated in a relatively small area within the conurbation with unique hotspots
    in fringe recreational localities. An analysis of landuse categories identified that residential areas
    host the highest offence counts, particularly serious crimes, whilst retail-related crime activities
    directly effect neighbourhoods through distance travelled from the retail entity.
    Outputs from the research include a conceptual model based on the crime, social and landuse
    constructs, a league-table of crime-mapping sites and the creation of a web-enabled Crimemap
    system for the Maltese Islands.

    Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
    H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
    Schools: School of Human and Health Sciences
    Depositing User: Sara Taylor
    Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2008 15:02
    Last Modified: 01 Aug 2013 01:38
    URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/964

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