Abuhabaya, Abdullah, Fieldhouse, John D. and Brown, D.R. (2010) Evaluation of Properties and use of waste vegetable oil (WVO), pure vegetable oils and standard diesel as used in a compression ignition engine. In: Future Technologies in Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers' Conference (CEARC'10). The University of Huddersfield, University of Huddersfield, Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers’ Conference 2010, pp. 71-76. ISBN 9781862180932
- Published Version
- Cover Image
This work aims to investigate the viability of using vegetable oils and waste oils a an alternative to or additive to basic diesel fuel. Rapeseed oil, sunflower oil and waste cooking oils was used to manufacture bio-diesel oil by the transesterification process using a commercially available “fuelpod”. The base oils were tested to first characterize them against diesel and the characteristics were remeasured after the conversion process. The fuels were then tested on a steady state engine test rig using a modern four cylinder compression ignition engine. Significant improvement in the viscosity was observed in the waste vegetable oils (WVO) after the transesterification process. The specific fuel consumption and exhaust gas emissions were reduced due to decrease in viscosity of the WVO. Acceptable thermal efficiencies of the engine were obtained with biodiesel. From the properties and engine test results it has been establish that biodiesel of WVO can be substituted for diesel without any engine modification and preheating of the fuels. Sustainability issues present an obstacle for general use so only small fleet operators may take advantage of the alternative fuel.▼ Jump to Download Statistics
|Item Type:||Book Chapter|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||vegetable oil, biodiesel, viscosity, alternative fuels, CI engine|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
|Schools:||School of Applied Sciences
School of Applied Sciences > Materials and Catalysis Research Centre
School of Computing and Engineering
School of Computing and Engineering > Automotive Engineering Research Group
School of Computing and Engineering > Pedagogical Research Group
School of Computing and Engineering > High-Performance Intelligent Computing > High Performance Computing Research Group
School of Computing and Engineering > Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers' Conference (CEARC)
PRAMANIK K. (2003), Properties and use of jatropha curcas oil and diesel fuel blends in compression ignition engine. Renewable Energy, Vol. 28, pp.239-248.
NWAFOR OMI., RICE G., OGBONNA AI. (2000), Effect of advanced injection timing on the performance of rapeseed oil in diesel engines. Renewable Energy, Vol. 21, pp. 433–444.
KARABEKTAS M. (2009), The effects of turbocharger on the performance and exhaust emissions of a diesel engine fuelled with biodiesel. Renewable Energy, Vol. 34, pp. 989-993.
DEVANA P.K. and MAHALAKSHMIB N.V. (2008), A study of the performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a compression ignition engine using methyl ester of paradise oil–eucalyptus oil blends. Applied Energy, Vol. 86, pp. 675-680.
AZOUMAHa Y., BLINa J. and DahoDAHOb T. (2009), Exergy efficiency applied for the performance optimization of a direct injection compression ignition (CI) engine using biofuels. Renewable Energy, Vol. 34, pp. 1494-1500.
GHOBADIANa B., RAHMINIa H., NIKBAKHTa A.M., NAJAFIa G. and YUAFb T.F. (2009), Diesel engine performance and exhaust emission analysis using waste cooking biodiesel fuel with an artificial neural network. Renewable Energy, Vol.34, pp. 976-982.
BANAPURMATH N.R. and TEWARI P.G. (2009), Comparative performance studies of a 4-stroke CI engine operate on du fuel mode with producer gas and Honge oil and its methyl ester (HOME) with and without carburetor. Renewable Energy, Vol. 34, pp. 1009-1015.
BENJUMEAa P., AGUDELOb J. and AGUDELOb A. (2009), Effect of altitude and palm oil biodiesel fuelling on the performance and combustion characteristics of a HSDI diesel engine. Fuel, Vol. 88, pp. 725-731.
BARNWAL* B.K. and SHARMA M.P. (2005), Prospects of biodiesel production from vegetable oils in India. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 9, pp. 363-378.
CANAKCI M. (2007), The Potential of Restaurant Waste Lipids as Biodiesel Feedstocks. Bioresource Technology, Vol. 98, pp. 183-190.
CONNEMANN J. and FISCHER J. (1998), biodiesel processing technologies. Paper presented at the International Liquid Biofuels Congress, Brazil, pp. 1-16.
RADICH, A. (2006), Biodiesel performance, costs, and use. US Energy InformationAdministration,http://www.eia.doe.gov/oiaf/analysispaper/biodiesel/index.html.
KULKARNI M. G. and DALAI A. K. (2006), Waste Cooking Oils an Economical Source for Biodiesel. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res, Vol. 45, pp. 2901-2913.
CARTER D., DARBY D., HALLE J. and HUNT P. (2005), How To Make Biodiesel, Low-Impact Living Initiative, Redfield Community, Winslow, Buck. ISSN 0-9649171-0-3.
YANG H-H., CHIEN S-M., LO M-Y., LAN J. G.-W, LU W-C. and KU Y-Y. (2007), Effect of biodiesel on emission of regulated air pollutants and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons under engine durability testing. Atmospheric Environmental, Vol. 41, pp. 7232-7240.
CANAKCI M. and SANLI H. (2008), Biodiesel production from various feedstocks and their effects the fuel properties. Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology, Springer, Vol. 35, pp 431-441.
|Depositing User:||John Fieldhouse|
|Date Deposited:||07 Dec 2010 09:40|
|Last Modified:||04 Sep 2015 22:03|
Downloads per month over past year
Repository Staff Only: item control page