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Evaluation of Properties and use of waste vegetable oil (WVO), pure vegetable oils and standard diesel as used in a compression ignition engine

Abuhabaya, Abdullah, Fieldhouse, John D. and Brown, D.R. (2010) Evaluation of Properties and use of waste vegetable oil (WVO), pure vegetable oils and standard diesel as used in a compression ignition engine. In: Future Technologies in Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers' Conference (CEARC'10). The University of Huddersfield , University of Huddersfield, Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers’ Conference 2010, pp. 71-76. ISBN 9781862180932

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      Abstract

      This work aims to investigate the viability of using vegetable oils and waste oils a an alternative to or additive to basic diesel fuel. Rapeseed oil, sunflower oil and waste cooking oils was used to manufacture bio-diesel oil by the transesterification process using a commercially available “fuelpod”. The base oils were tested to first characterize them against diesel and the characteristics were remeasured after the conversion process. The fuels were then tested on a steady state engine test rig using a modern four cylinder compression ignition engine. Significant improvement in the viscosity was observed in the waste vegetable oils (WVO) after the transesterification process. The specific fuel consumption and exhaust gas emissions were reduced due to decrease in viscosity of the WVO. Acceptable thermal efficiencies of the engine were obtained with biodiesel. From the properties and engine test results it has been establish that biodiesel of WVO can be substituted for diesel without any engine modification and preheating of the fuels. Sustainability issues present an obstacle for general use so only small fleet operators may take advantage of the alternative fuel.

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      Item Type: Book Chapter
      Uncontrolled Keywords: vegetable oil, biodiesel, viscosity, alternative fuels, CI engine
      Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
      T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
      T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
      Schools: School of Applied Sciences
      School of Applied Sciences > Materials and Catalysis Research Centre
      School of Computing and Engineering
      School of Computing and Engineering > Automotive Engineering Research Group
      School of Computing and Engineering > Pedagogical Research Group
      School of Computing and Engineering > High Performance Computing Research Group
      School of Computing and Engineering > Computing and Engineering Annual Researchers' Conference (CEARC)
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      References:

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      Depositing User: John Fieldhouse
      Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2010 09:40
      Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 11:14
      URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/9177

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