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A New Method of Measuring Velocity Profiles using a MultiElectrode Electromagnetic Flow Meter

Lucas, Gary and Leeungculsatien, Teerachai (2010) A New Method of Measuring Velocity Profiles using a MultiElectrode Electromagnetic Flow Meter. In: 6th World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography, 6-9 September 2010, Beihang Conference Center, Beihang University, China .

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    Abstract

    This paper describes a model of a novel design of electromagnetic flow meter for velocity profile measurement in single phase and multiphase flows with nonuniform axial velocity profiles. A simulated Helmholtz coil is used to produce a uniform magnetic field orthogonal to both the flow direction and the plane of an electrode array embedded on the internal surface of a nonconducting pipe wall. Induced voltages acquired from the electrode array are related to the flow velocity distribution via variables known as ‘weight values’ which are calculated using COMSOL Multiphysics software. Matrix inversion is used to calculate the velocity distribution in the flow cross section from the induced voltages measured at the electrode array. This paper presents simulations including, firstly the effects of the velocity profile on the electrical potential distribution, secondly the induced voltage distribution at the electrode pair locations, and thirdly the reconstructed velocity profile calculated using the weight values and the matrix inversion method mentioned above. The flow pipe crosssection is divided into a number of pixels and the mean flow velocity in each of the pixels is calculated from the measured induced voltages. Reference velocity profiles that have been investigated include a uniform velocity profile and a linear velocity profile. The results show good agreement between the reconstructed and reference velocity profiles. The results presented in this paper are most relevant to flows in which variations in the axial flow velocity occur principally in a single direction.

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Helmholtz coil, Induced voltage, Magnetic flux density, Weight value
    Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
    T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
    Schools: School of Computing and Engineering
    School of Computing and Engineering > High Performance Computing Research Group
    School of Computing and Engineering > Systems Engineering Research Group
    Related URLs:
    Depositing User: Graham Stone
    Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2010 11:29
    Last Modified: 16 Dec 2010 08:59
    URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/9091

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