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A partial order scalogram analysis of criminal network structures

Canter, David V. (2004) A partial order scalogram analysis of criminal network structures. Behaviormetrika, 31 (2). pp. 131-152. ISSN 0385-7417

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      Two contrasting hypotheses about criminal organisations are that they will be either
      strongly hierarchical with recognisable differentiation between components of their
      organisational structure or that they will be loose networks of associates with no discernable
      organisation. Six Indices of organisational morphology were therefore derived
      from Social Network Analysis measures to explore the different organisational structures
      of criminal groups and networks.
      These were used to classify 12 drug-dealer networks, 11 property crime networks and
      six hooligan networks. Partial Order Scalogram analysis of these 29 groups across the
      six measures showed that there were a wide range of group structures, ranging from very
      loose networks without even central key figures through to highly structured networks
      that contained all six indicators of structure. Within this framework two dominant
      axes were identified, along which the degree of structure varied. One was proposed as a
      product of the size of the group, the other as a product of the centrality of leadership.
      This allowed three types of criminal organisation to be specified, A–ad hoc groups,
      B–oligarchies and, C–Organised Criminals. These different types tended to relate to
      group size with A as the smallest and C the largest with on average almost twice as
      many members. These different types of group carry different implications for group
      process and investigative interventions.
      Although there was a tendency for the hooligan groups to be less structured and the
      drug networks to be the most structured, most forms of structure were found for all
      types of criminal activity. The study therefore raises a number of important questions
      about what gives rise to these variation in organisational morphology and the implications
      the variations have for the conduct of the crimes, their investigation and methods
      for reducing the effectiveness of criminal networks.

      Item Type: Article
      Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
      Schools: School of Human and Health Sciences
      School of Human and Health Sciences > International Research Centre for Investigative Psychology
      Related URLs:
      Depositing User: David Canter
      Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2010 09:45
      Last Modified: 31 Mar 2011 04:57


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