Bills, Paul J., Blunt, Liam and Jiang, Xiang (2007) Development of a technique for accurately determining clinical wear in explanted total hip replacements. Wear, 263 (7-12). pp. 1133-1137. ISSN 0043-1648Metadata only available from this repository.
It has long been recognised that wear analysis of total joint replacements is an important means in determining failure mechanisms, functionality and improving longevity of these devices. The standardised method for assessing wear volumes in such joints is through gravimetric means and it has been shown that this method is a useful tool for indicating simulated wear volumes. This method is, however, of little value when considering the case of a clinically explanted bearing surface for which, by definition, there is no ‘pre-wear’ data.
The purpose of this study is to present a co-ordinate measuring machine (CMM) based technique for assessing the volumetric material loss in explanted total hip replacement joints and to establish its effectiveness. A 3D CAD model was created of an idealised surface representing the pre-wear surface of the explanted acetabular cup to be measured. Here, two methods are proposed for discovery of a good estimate of the original pre-wear surface, which may differ significantly from the idealised CAD model. The first uses an unworn identical component as a baseline measurement and the second utilises the unworn portion of the explanted acetabular cup to create a more accurate ‘zero-cycle’ CAD entity. From these pre-wear surfaces, it is possible to directly calculate volumetric material loss and to graphically map the wear ‘scar’, i.e. the penetration of the femoral head into the acetabular cup.
|Additional Information:||16th International Conference on Wear of Materials. Published in Wear, 263, 7-12, 2007. Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V.|
|Subjects:||T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
|Schools:||School of Computing and Engineering
School of Computing and Engineering > Centre for Precision Technologies
School of Computing and Engineering > Centre for Precision Technologies > Surface Metrology Group
 National Joint Registry for England & Wales, First Annual Report, September 2004, pp. 4.
 R.M. Streicher, M. Semlitsch, R. Schon, H. Weber and C. Rieker, Metal-on-metal articulation for artificial hip joints: laboratory study and clinical results, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. 210 (H) (1996), pp. 223–232. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (77)
 L.P. Ward, C. Subramanian, K.N. Strafford and T.P. Wilks, Sliding wear studies of selected nitride coatings and their potential for long-term use in orthopaedic applications, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. 212 (H) (1998), pp. 303–315. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (10)
 J. Kusaka, K. Takashima, D. Yamane and K. Ikeuchi, Fundamental study for all-ceramic artificial hip joint, Wear 225–229 (1999), pp. 734–742. Article | PDF (834 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (7)
 C. Piconi and G. Maccauro, Zirconia as a ceramic biomaterial, J. Biomater. 20 (1999), pp. 1–25. Abstract | PDF (302 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (234)
 Z.M. Jin, D. Dowson and J. Fisher, Analysis of fluid film lubrication in artificial hip joint replacements with surfaces of high elastic modulus, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. 211 (H) (1997), pp. 247–256. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (84)
 B.M. Wroblewski, Charnley low friction arthroplasty, Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. 210 (1986), pp. 27–42.
 BS ISO 14243-2:2000, Implants for surgery—wear of total knee joint prostheses. Part 2. Methods of measurement.
 P. Bills, L. Brown, X. Jiang and L. Blunt, A metrology solution for the orthopaedic industry, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 13 (2005), pp. 316–319. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (2)
 BS ISO 14242-2:2000, Implants for surgery—wear of total hip joint prostheses. Part 2. Methods of measurement.
 J.M. Martell and S. Berdia, Determination of polyethylene wear in total hip replacements with use of digital radiographs, J. Bone Joint Surg. 79 (1997), pp. 1635–1641. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (110)
 C.J. Sychertz, A.M. Yang, J.P. McAuley and C.A. Engh, Two-dimensional versus three-dimensional radiographic measurements of polyethylene wear, Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. 365 (1999), pp. 117–123.
 M.J. Allen, S.M. Hartmann, S.M. Sacks, J. Calabrese and P.R. Brown, Technical feasibility and precision radiostereometric analysis as an outcome measure in canine cemented total hip replacement, J. Orthop. Sci. 9 (1) (2004), pp. 66–75. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (6)
 L. Blunt and T.R. Thomas, Wear ranking of hard on hard bearings for prosthetic hip joints, Wear 257 (2004), pp. 1208–1212. Article | PDF (246 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (1)
 F. Liu, Z.M. Jin, F. Hirt, C. Rieker, P. Roberts and P. Grigoris, Effect of wear of bearing surfaces on elastohydrodyanimc lubrication of meta-on-metal hip implants, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part H J. Eng. Med. 219 (5) (2005), pp. 319–328. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (2)
 International Standard ISO 1242-2, Implants for surgery—wear of total hip-joint prostheses. Part 2. Methods of measurement.
 R.M. Hall, A. Unsworth, P.S. Craig, C. Hardaker, P. Siney and B.M. Wroblewski, Measurement of wear in retrived acetabular sockets, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part H J. Eng. Med. 209 (4) (2005), pp. 319–328.
 M.T. Raimondi, R. Sassi and R. Pietrabissa, Method for the evaluation of the change in volume of retreived acetabular cups, Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part H J. Eng. Med. 214 (6) (2000), pp. 577–587. Full Text via CrossRef
 G. Reinisch, K.P. Judmann, C. Lhotka, F. Lintner and K.A. Zweymüller, Retrieval study of uncemented metal-metal hip prostheses revised for early loosening, Biomaterials 24 (2003), pp. 1081–1091. Article | PDF (882 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (16)
 J.E. Nevelos, E. Ingham, C. Doyle, J. Fischer and A.B. Nevelos, Analysis of retrieved alumina ceramic components from Mittelmeier total hip prostheses, Biomaterials 20 (1999), pp. 1833–1840. Article | PDF (811 K) | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (43)
 L. Blunt, P. Bills, C. Hardaker and C. Pantelis, The use of CMM techniques to assess the wear of total knee replacements, Abstracts of The 12th Nordic Symposium on Tribology Helsingor, Denmark (2006), p. 60.
 A. Becker, K. Schollhorn, Y. Dirix, H. Schmotzer, Metal-on-metal bearings. I. The influence of 3D measurement accuracy on the calculated wear of a ball head using a new mathematical approach, Proceedings of the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, Paper No. 0505, Chicago, 2006.
|Depositing User:||Briony Heyhoe|
|Date Deposited:||17 Jun 2008 13:49|
|Last Modified:||26 Nov 2010 11:15|
Downloads per month over past year
Repository Staff Only: item control page