Search:
Computing and Library Services - delivering an inspiring information environment

CFD Investigation on 3-Dimensional Interference of a Five-Hole Probe in an Automotive Wheel Arch

Malviya, Vihar, Mishra, Rakesh and Palmer, Edward (2010) CFD Investigation on 3-Dimensional Interference of a Five-Hole Probe in an Automotive Wheel Arch. Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 2010. pp. 1-19. ISSN 1687-8132

This is the latest version of this item.

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (4MB) | Preview

Abstract

Detailed flowmeasurements are essential for analysing flow structures found in confined spaces, particularly in various automotive
applications. These measurements will be extremely helpful in solving flow dependent complexities. Although considerable
progress has been made in computational techniques for investigating such flows, experimental flow measurements are still very
difficult to carry out therein. Flows mapped using an array of robust instruments like multi-hole pressure probes can provide
significant insight into the flow field of such complex flows. Pressure probes can withstand the harsh environments found in such
applications; however being intrusive devices significant interference in flow field can limit their applicability. This paper presents
an investigation of three-dimensional interference caused by multi-hole pressure probes in an automotive wheel arch. It involves
simulation of flow around a pressure probe inserted at various locations within the wheel/wheel arch gap. Pressure and velocity
fields along longitudinal and lateral planes have been mapped and the extent of interference caused by the probe along three
orthogonal axes has been presented. A three-dimensional ellipsoid of interference has been defined to assist in recommending
optimal placement of probes and minimise the error due to interprobe interaction, thus enhancing the measurement accuracy of
transient flow phenomena.

▼ Jump to Download Statistics
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: automotive aerodynamics, computational fluid dynamics, multi-hole pressure probe, flow interference, wheel arch
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Schools: School of Computing and Engineering
School of Computing and Engineering > Automotive Engineering Research Group
School of Computing and Engineering > Pedagogical Research Group
School of Computing and Engineering > Diagnostic Engineering Research Centre
School of Computing and Engineering > Diagnostic Engineering Research Centre > Energy, Emissions and the Environment Research Group
School of Computing and Engineering > Diagnostic Engineering Research Centre > Machinery Condition and Performance Monitoring Research Group
School of Computing and Engineering > Diagnostic Engineering Research Centre > Measurement System and Signal Processing Research Group
School of Computing and Engineering > High-Performance Intelligent Computing
School of Computing and Engineering > High-Performance Intelligent Computing > Information and Systems Engineering Group
School of Computing and Engineering > High-Performance Intelligent Computing > High Performance Computing Research Group
Related URLs:
References:

[1] T. R´egert and T. Lajos, “Description of flow field in the
wheelhouses of cars,” International Journal of Heat and Fluid
Flow, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 616–629, 2007.

[2] J. Fabijanic, “An experimental investigation of wheel-well
flows (960901),” SAE Technical Papers, 1996.

[3] V. Malviya, R. Mishra, E. Palmer, and B. Majumdar, “CFD
based analysis of the effect of multi-hole pressure probe
geometry on flow field interference,” in Proceedings of 34th
National Conference on Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power, J.
Prasad, S. Das, and A. Chatterjee, Eds., pp. 113–122, Birla
Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi, India, 2007.

[4] R. Mishra, S. N. Singh, and V. Seshadri, “Velocity measurement
in solid-liquid flows using an impact probe,” Flow
Measurement and Instrumentation, vol. 8, no. 3-4, pp. 157–
165, 1997.

[5] S. Coldrick, P. Ivey, and R.Wells, “Considerations for using 3-
D pneumatic probes in high-speed axial compressors,” Journal
of Turbomachinery, vol. 125, no. 1, pp. 149–154, 2003.

[6] L. Oswald and A. Browne, “The airflow field around and
operating tire and Its effect on tire power loss (810166),”
in Proceedings of the International Congress and Exposition,
Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), Detroit, Mich, USA,
February 1981.

[7] A. W¨aschle, “The influence of rotating wheels on vehicle
aerodynamics—numerical and experimental investigations
(2007-01-0107),” in Proceedings of the SAE World Congress &
Exhibition, Society of Automotive Engineers, Detroit, Mich,
USA, 2007.

[8] A. J. Saddington, R. D. Knowles, and K. Knowles, “Laser
doppler anemometry measurements in the near-wake of an
isolated formula one wheel,” Experiments in Fluids, vol. 42, no.
5, pp. 671–681, 2007.

[9] A. Skea and P. Bullen, “CFD simulations and experimental
measurements of the flow over a rotating wheel in a wheel arch
(2000-01-0487),” SAE Technical Papers, 2000.

[10] E. Palmer, R.Mishra, D. Bryant, and J. D. Fieldhouse, “Analysis
of air flow and heat dissipation from a high performance GT
car front brake disc (2008-01-0820),” SAE Technical Papers,
2008.

[11] T. Depolt and W. Koschel, “Investigation on optimizing the
design proces of multi-hole pressure probes for transonic
flow with panel methods,” in Proceedings of the International
Congress on Instrumentation in Aerospace Simulation Facilities
(ICIASF ’91), pp. 1–9, IEEE, New York, NY, USA, 1991.

[12] D. Bryer and R. Pankhurst, Pressure-Probe Methods for
Determining Wind Speed and Flow Direction, Her Majesty’s
Stationery Office (H.M.S.O.), London, UK, 1971.

[13] G. L. Morrison, M. T. Schobeiri, and K. R. Pappu, “Five-hole
pressure probe analysis technique,” Flow Measurement and
Instrumentation, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 153–158, 1998.

[14] V. Seshadri, B. K. Gandhi, S. N. Singh, and R. K. Pandey,
“Analysis of the effect of body shape on annubar factor using
CFD,” Measurement, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 25–32, 2004.

[15] S. Singh, V. Seshadri, and A. Agrawal, “Characteristics of a self
averaging pitot type probe,” Indian Journal of Engineering and
Materials Sciences, vol. 1, pp. 153–157, 1994.
Advances in Mechanical Engineering 19

[16] W. Hucho, Ed., Aerodynamics of Road Vehicles, Society of
Automotive Engineers (SAE), Warrendale, Pa, USA, 4th
edition, 1998.

[17] J. Fackrell and J. Harvey, “The flow field and pressure
distribution of an isolated road wheel,” in Advances in Road
Vehicle Aerodynamics, H. Stephens, Ed., pp. 155–165, Bhra
Fluid Engineering, Cranfield, UK, 1973.

[18] L. Axon, The aerodynamic characteristics of automobile
wheels—CFD prediction and wind tunnel experiment, Ph.D.
thesis, Cranfield University, Cranfield, UK, 1999.

[19] J. Wray, A CFD analysis into the effect of Yaw Angle on the
flow around an isolated rotating wheel, M.S. thesis, Cranfield
University, Cranfield, UK, 2003.

[20] A. Mears and R. Dominy, “Racing car wheel aerodynamics—
comparisons between experimental and CFD-derived flowfield
data (2004-01-3555),” in Proceedings of the Motorsports
Engineering Conference & Exposition, Society of Automotive
Engineers (SAE), Dearborn, Mich, USA, 2004.

[21] J.McManus and X. Zhang, “A computational study of the flow
around an isolated wheel in contact with the ground,” Journal
of Fluids Engineering, vol. 128, no. 3, pp. 520–530, 2006.

[22] A. W¨aschle, S. Cyr, T. Kuthada, and J. Wiedemann, “Flow
around an isolated wheel—experimental and numerical comparison
of two Cfd codes (2004-01-0445),” in Proceedings of
the SAE World Congress & Exhibition, Society of Automotive
Engineers (SAE), Detroit, Mich, USA, 2004.

[23] Fluent Inc., “FLUENT 6.3 User’s Guide,” 2006.

[24] H. Versteeg and W. Malalasekera, An Introduction to Computational
Fluid Dynamics: The Finite Volume Method, Prentice
Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA, 1995.

[25] Fluent Inc., “GAMBIT 2.4 User’s Guide,” 2007.

[26] S. N. Singh, L. Rai, P. Puri, and A. Bhatnagar, “Effect ofmoving
surface on the aerodynamic drag of road vehicles,” Proceedings
of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of
Automobile Engineering, vol. 219, no. 2, pp. 127–134, 2005.

[27] T.-H. Shih,W.W. Liou, A. Shabbir, Z. Yang, and J. Zhu, “A new
k-ε eddy viscosity model for high reynolds number turbulent
flows,” Computers & Fluids, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 227–238, 1995.

[28] F. R.Menter, “Two-equation eddy-viscosity turbulence models
for engineering applications,” AIAA journal, vol. 32, no. 8, pp.
1598–1605, 1994.

Depositing User: Vihar Malviya
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2010 15:40
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2015 18:29
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/7756

Available Versions of this Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Repository Staff Only: item control page

View Item View Item

University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield, HD1 3DH Copyright and Disclaimer All rights reserved ©