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Error in the estimation of intellectual ability in the low range using the WISC-IV and WAIS-III

Whitaker, Simon (2010) Error in the estimation of intellectual ability in the low range using the WISC-IV and WAIS-III. Personality and Individual Differences, 48 (5). pp. 517-521. ISSN 01918869

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    Abstract

    The error, both chance and systematic, in the measure of true intellectual ability in the low IQ range is quantified and combined to find an overall confidence interval. The chance error was due to: lack of stability, scorer error and lack of internal consistency. The systematic error was due to: the Flynn effect, a floor effect and that error apparent from the lack of agreement between the WISC-IV and WAIS-III. For low Full Scale IQs the WAIS-III can only be considered accurate to within 18 points above the measured IQ and 28 points below, and the WISC-IV to 16 points below the measured IQ and 25 points above it. The implications for the diagnosis of intellectual disability are considered.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: IQ, WISC-IV, WAIS-III, WISC-III, floor effect, Flynn effect, stability
    Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
    Schools: School of Human and Health Sciences
    School of Human and Health Sciences > Centre for Applied Psychological Research
    School of Human and Health Sciences > Centre for Health and Social Care Research
    Related URLs:
    Depositing User: Sara Taylor
    Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2010 10:17
    Last Modified: 22 Dec 2010 16:36
    URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/7044

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