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Cost-effectiveness of shared pharmaceutical care for older patients: RESPECT trial findings

Bojke, C, Philips, Z, Sculpher, M, Campion, P, Chrystyn, Henry, Coulton, S, Cross, B, Morton, V, Richmond, S, Farrin, A, Hill, G, Hilton, A, Miles, J, Russell, I. and Wong, I Chi Kei (2010) Cost-effectiveness of shared pharmaceutical care for older patients: RESPECT trial findings. British Journal of General Practice, 60 (570). pp. 20-27. ISSN 0960-1643

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Abstract

Background

Pharmaceutical care serves as a collaborative model for medication review. Its use is advocated for older patients, although its cost-effectiveness is unknown. Although the accompanying article on clinical effectiveness from the RESPECT (Randomised Evaluation of Shared Prescribing for Elderly people in the Community over Time) trial finds no statistically significant impact on prescribing for older patients undergoing pharmaceutical care, economic evaluations are based on an estimation, rather than hypothesis testing.

Aim

To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of pharmaceutical care for older people compared with usual care, according to National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) reference case standards.

Methods

An economic evaluation was undertaken in which NICE reference case standards were applied to data collected in the RESPECT trial.

Results

On average, pharmaceutical care is estimated to cost an incremental £10 000 per additional quality-adjusted life year (QALY). If the NHS's cost-effectiveness threshold is between £20 000 and £30 000 per extra QALY, then the results indicate that pharmaceutical care is cost-effective despite a lack of statistical significance to this effect. However, the statistical uncertainty surrounding the estimates implies that the probability that pharmaceutical care is not cost-effective lies between 0.22 and 0.19. Although results are not sensitive to assumptions about costs, they differ between subgroups: in patients aged >75 years pharmaceutical care appears more cost-effective for those who are younger or on fewer repeat medications.

Conclusion

Although pharmaceutical care is estimated to be cost-effective in the UK, the results are uncertain and further research into its long-term benefits may be worthwhile.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Schools: School of Applied Sciences
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Depositing User: Sharon Beastall
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2010 12:58
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2010 04:48
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/6835

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