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Surveillance from all angles? Some observations and comments

Hirschfield, Alex (2007) Surveillance from all angles? Some observations and comments. In: Scottish Institute for Policing Research First Annual Conference, 12 September 2007, Edinburgh, Scotland. (Unpublished)

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    Surveillance activity may take the form of visual surveillance using CCTV, electronic surveillance of
    people (e.g. tagging of offenders) and items of property (e.g. tracking devices in vehicles) and voice
    surveillance (e.g. voice recognition software).
    Surveillance can also be targeted at individuals (potential victims of crime, offenders), items of
    property worn or carried by individuals (e.g. clothing, bags), other property (e.g. buildings, vehicles,
    goods) and places (towns centres, residential areas).
    The effective deployment of surveillance in crime prevention involves a complex set of interrelationships
    between the technical capabilities of the equipment (e.g. facial recognition CCTV,
    prediction of behaviour from peoples’ gesture and gait, automatic flagging of suspicious objects),
    contextual factors (e.g. terrain, land use, social environment), management and training and crucially
    the response of those subjected to surveillance (offenders, victims, bystanders, local residents). Then
    there is the crucial area of how the recipients of surveillance data interpret what they see and hear
    (cognition) and how they use this knowledge to communicate with other agencies (e.g. the police and
    emergency services).
    Consideration of civil liberties and human rights pervade all stages of the surveillance process and
    implicitly bring with them new and largely unexplored concepts and notions such as ‘ethical
    targeting’ and responsible surveillance.
    This presentation will explore some of the assumptions that underpin surveillance from a crime
    prevention perspective. It will discuss the feasibility of developing a theoretical framework for the
    deployment, response and evaluation of surveillance activity aimed at deterring and preventing crime.
    Particular attention will be paid to the role theory plays in different stages of the surveillance process
    (problem diagnosis, choice of technology, targeting, use, response and evaluation).

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
    H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
    Schools: School of Human and Health Sciences
    School of Human and Health Sciences > Applied Criminology Centre
    Related URLs:
    Depositing User: Sara Taylor
    Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2010 15:14
    Last Modified: 28 Jul 2010 19:51


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