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Two-year resanctioning study: a comparison of restorative and traditional cautions

Wilcox, Aidan, Young, Richard and Hoyle, Carolyn (2004) Two-year resanctioning study: a comparison of restorative and traditional cautions. Project Report. The Home Office, London, UK.

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    Abstract

    cautions. The work follows on from a previous study of restorative cautions in Thames Valley
    (Hoyle et al., 2002) which found that around one-quarter of offenders reported that they had
    either desisted from crime or reduced their offending at least in part because of the restorative
    caution. The aim of the current study was to investigate this finding further through a large-scale
    resanctioning study.
    The first part of the analysis compared the resanctioning rates of over 29,000 offenders in
    Thames Valley and the two comparison forces controlling for relevant offender characteristics.
    The second analysis compared the different types of caution within Thames Valley, again
    controlling for offender characteristics. The impact of restorative cautioning on various subgroups
    of offenders was also considered, as well as the frequency and seriousness of subsequent
    offending. Taking the results of the analyses together, there was no evidence to suggest that
    restorative cautioning had resulted in a statistically significant reduction in either the overall
    resanctioning rate or the frequency or seriousness of offending. Importantly, there was also no
    evidence that restorative justice had increased resanctioning rates. Although reliable cost data
    were not available, the cost per caution in Thames Valley is likely to have been less than in
    comparable schemes. It is also important to note that Hoyle et al. had demonstrated the many
    other benefits of the initiative for both victims and offenders.
    Acknowledgements
    We would like to acknowledge the support of the Home Office who funded this resanctioning
    study. In particular we are grateful to Robert Street, Becca Chapman and Rosalyn Xavier at the
    Research Development and Statistics Directorate. Superintendent Mel Lofty, (former) Chief
    Inspector Mike Vince, PC Fran Stride and Andrea Hughes from Thames Valley Police kindly
    provided access to their restorative cautioning database and also helped locate missing Police
    National Computer (PNC) identifiers. We would like to thank Sussex Constabulary (in particular,
    Elizabeth Cowlett, Chief Superintendent David Gaylor, David Cook and Mike Hands) and
    Warwickshire Constabulary (especially Superintendent Chris Jackson, Gunaid Gharda, Ray
    Hewsby, Colin Lovegrove and Richard Angrave) for co-operating with the research. Finally, we
    are grateful to Brian Francis who acted as peer reviewer for this study.

    Item Type: Monograph (Project Report)
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
    H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
    Schools: School of Human and Health Sciences
    Related URLs:
    Depositing User: Sara Taylor
    Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2009 14:55
    Last Modified: 28 Jul 2010 19:48
    URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/5846

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