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An Empirical Investigation of the Cultural Impact on Consumer Perception and Attitude Towards Advertising

Al-Juhiam, Osama M. (2008) An Empirical Investigation of the Cultural Impact on Consumer Perception and Attitude Towards Advertising. Doctoral thesis, University of Huddersfield.

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This study examines the cultural impact on consumer perception and attitudes towards
advertising in Kuwait. A questionnaire was distributed to 520 consumers from three
different nationalities; Kuwaiti and Arabic, East Asian and Indian, Western consumers
from Europe, The United States of America (USA) and Canada. Representing three
different cultures; the Kuwaiti will signify a conservative and social culture, the Eastern
countries will represent a less conservative and social culture, and the Western element
will stand for a less conservative and individual culture.

Moreover, the questionnaire is aimed at answering three main questions. Firstly, what are
the consumers’ attitudes towards advertising in Kuwait and whether the personal
characteristics have an affect on consumers’ attitudes towards advertising? The second
question is, whether the culture will be affected by advertising and whether advertising
threatens the local culture? The third question tries to evaluate whether people from
different cultural backgrounds will have different attitudes towards advertising?

The results have illustrated that consumers in Kuwait, in general, have negative attitudes
towards advertising. Kuwaiti and Western groups have negative attitudes whilst the
Eastern contingent has a more positive attitude.

In addition, the culture has a significant affect in shaping consumers’ attitudes towards
advertising. This indicates that consumers, even though they received the same advertising in the same environment (Kuwait), still tend to perceive it differently based
on their cultural background.

Consumers from less conservative cultures (liberal cultures) hold the belief that
advertising will not affect the local culture, while consumers from more conservative
cultures have a negative attitude towards advertising as they trust that it will affect the
local culture.

The study indicate that attitude towards advertising cannot be generlaised to a different
demographic group. It is suggested that education has the least effect on attitudes to
advertising; however the number of children in the family and the monthly income have
the strongest effect. Marital status did not occur related to any aspects of attitude.

Furthermore, the study also indicates that negative attitudes seem to be associated with
personal characteristics such as being female, under forty-five years of age, having more
than one child, with limited education (diploma or intermediate), and an income greater
than 400 Kuwaiti dinar per month.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
Schools: The Business School
Depositing User: Graham Stone
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2009 15:33
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2015 16:07


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