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Fixed penalty notices as a means of offender selection

Wellsmith, Melanie and Guille, Hannah (2005) Fixed penalty notices as a means of offender selection. International Journal of Police Science & Management, 7 (1). pp. 36-43. ISSN 1478-1603

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    This research assesses the capacity of fixed penalty
    notice (FPN) infractions to form the basis for
    targeted police attention to more serious or chronic
    offenders. Offences of this kind were associated
    with concurrent criminality, relative to a group
    selected from the electoral register. Over half of the
    notices issued were not associated with a named
    individual, presumably because many vehicles did
    not have a current registered keeper. The ‘hit rate’
    for concurrent criminality was not significantly
    different than for the control group. When repeat
    fixed penalty offences were analysed, this produced
    a higher hit rate, although it remained
    lower than expected from other studies. A number
    of problems in carrying out analysis on these
    types of data are discussed and it is suggested that
    a study in which checks are made at the point of
    issuing an FPN might well yield far higher rates
    of active criminality, and might provide a more
    powerful trigger for offender self-selection. Further
    areas for research into self-selection triggers are
    also suggested.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: UoA 40 (Social Work and Social Policy and Administration) © Vathek Publishing 2005
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
    H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
    Schools: School of Human and Health Sciences
    School of Human and Health Sciences > Applied Criminology Centre
    Related URLs:

    Chenery, S., Henshaw, C., & Pease, K. (1999).
    Illegal Parking in Disabled Bays: A Means of
    Offender Targeting. (Briefing Note 1/99).
    London: Home Office Policing and
    Reducing Crime Unit.
    Home Office (2002). Criminal Statistics England
    and Wales 2001. London: Home Office.
    Kelling, G. L., & Coles, C. M. (1997). Fixing
    Broken Windows. New York: Touchstone.
    Maple, J., with Mitchell, C. (1999). The Crime
    Fighter: How You Can Make Your Community
    Crime Free. New York: Doubleday.
    Townsley, M., & Pease, K. (2002). How
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    International Journal of Police Science &
    Management, 4, 323–331.
    Wiles, P., & Costello, A. (2000). The ‘Road to
    Nowhere’: the evidence for travelling criminals.
    (Home Office Research Study No. 207).
    London: Home Office.

    Depositing User: Sara Taylor
    Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2007
    Last Modified: 16 Sep 2014 12:25


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