Search:
Computing and Library Services - delivering an inspiring information environment

Young people, community cohesion and the role of youth work in building social capital

Thomas, Paul (2003) Young people, community cohesion and the role of youth work in building social capital. Youth and Policy (81). pp. 21-43. ISSN 0262-9798

[img]
Preview
PDF
Download (152kB) | Preview

    Abstract

    The summer of 2001 saw the most serious scenes of violent disorder in
    British towns since the inner-city riots of 1981. Bradford, Burnley, Leeds and
    Oldham all witnessed rioting involving multiple arrests, damage to property
    and injury to both members of the public and police officers.
    Two themes dominated discussions of the events, both during and since. The
    first theme is youth. Young people under the age of 25 were the main
    protagonists in all these riots (Denham, 2001; Cantle, 2001). Many were
    subsequently arrested and imprisoned. The second and dominant theme is
    race. All these disturbances involved young people of south Asian origin
    fighting with white young people and or the police. In Bradford, Burnley and
    Oldham, explicitly racist campaigning by the neo-nazi BNP was a clear factor.
    This paper aims to explore both these themes, placing them within the context
    of 'Community Cohesion', a concept that was rapidly developed as the
    dominant parameter of discussion in the numerous subsequent central/local
    government reports. Alongside these themes of youth and race, this paper
    examines Putnam's (2000) concept of 'social capital', arguing that youth work
    can play an unique role in promoting genuine 'community cohesion' through
    the creation of what Putnam terms 'Bridging Social Capital'

    ▼ Jump to Download Statistics
    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: UoA 45 (Education) © The Author 2003
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
    H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
    Schools: School of Education and Professional Development
    School of Education and Professional Development > Centre of Lifelong Learning and Social Justice
    School of Education and Professional Development > Centre of Lifelong Learning and Social Justice > Social Cohesion Research Group
    School of Education and Professional Development > Centre of Lifelong Learning and Social Justice > Early Years Childhood Youth and Community Research
    Related URLs:
    References:

    Albrecht, T. L, Johnson, G. M. and Walther, J.B.(1993) ‘Understanding
    communication processes in focus groups’ in Morgan, D.M (ed), Successful
    Focus Groups, Newbury Park California: Sage Publications.
    Back, L. (1993) New Ethnicities and Urban Culture, London: UCL Press.
    Cantle, T. (2001) Community Cohesion - A Report of the Independent Review
    Team, London: Home Office.
    CARF (1997) Getting Through? New Approaches to Tackling Youth Racism,
    No. 40, October/November, London: CARF.
    CARF (2001), 'The Summer of Rebellion' accessed via:
    http://www.carf.demon.co.uk/feat54.html. (First published in CARF No 63,
    August/September 2001, London: CARF).
    Chauhan, V. (1990) Beyond Steel Bands ‘n’ Samosas, Leicester: National
    Youth Bureau Commission for Racial Equality (1999) Open Talk, Open Minds, London: CRE
    Commission for Racial Equality (2001) A Place for Us All- Learning from
    Bradford, Oldham and Burnley, London: CRE.
    Commission for Racial Equality (2003) Racial Attacks Fact sheet:
    http://www.cre.gov.uk
    Dadzie, S (1997) Blood, Sweat and Tears, Leicester: Youth Work Press.
    Davies, B (1999) A History of the Youth Service in England (Two Volumes),
    Leicester: Youth Work Press.
    Denham, J (2001) Building Cohesive Communities - A Report of the Inter-
    Departmental Ministerial Group on Public Order and Community Cohesion,
    London: Home Office
    Department for Education and Skills (2002) Transforming Youth Work -
    Resourcing Excellent Youth Services, London: DfES
    Dhondy, F(2002) Institutional Inspiration in Guardian Education 2/7/02,
    Manchester: The Guardian Din, I (2002) The New British: Generational Change in the Mirpuri Community,
    unpublished PhD Thesis: University of Huddersfield (forthcoming from
    Ashgate Publishing)
    Frey, J. H and Fontana, A (1993) The Group Interview in Social Research in
    Morgan, D.M. (ed) Successful Focus Groups, Newbury Park, California: Sage
    Hewitt, R (1996) Routes of Racism: The Social Basis of Racist Action, Stoke-
    On-Trent: Trentham Books
    Kundnani, A, (2001)From Oldham to Bradford: the violence of the violated,
    accessed via:http://www.irr.org.uk/2001/october/ak000003.html(accessed
    6/02/03)
    Local Government Association (2002) Guidance on Community Cohesion,
    London: Local Government Association
    Ministry of Education (1960) The Youth Service in England and Wales: Report
    of the Committee appointed by the Minister of Education in November 1958.
    London: HMSO (Commonly known as the Albemarle Report)
    Modood, T , Berthoud, R, Lakey, J, Nazroo, J, Smith,P. ,Virdee, S and
    Beishon, S (1997) Ethnic Minorities in Britain - Diversity and Disadvantage,
    London: PSI Nayak, A (1999) White English Ethnicities; Racism, anti-racism and student
    perspectives, Race, Education and Education, Vol 2, No. 2,
    Ouseley, H (2001) Community Pride, Not Prejudice – Making Diversity Work
    in Bradford, Bradford: Bradford Vision.
    Popple, K (1990) Youth Work and Race in Jeffs, T and Smith, M (eds) Young
    People, Inequality and Youth Work, Basingstoke: Macmillan
    Popple, K (1997) Understanding and Tackling Racism among Young People
    in the United Kingdom in Hazekamp, J.L. and Popple K (eds.) ‘Racism in
    Europe, London: UCL Press
    Putnam, R (2000) Bowling Alone – The Collapse and Revival of American
    Community, London: Touchstone
    Ritchie, D (2001) One Oldham One Future - Panel Report of the Oldham
    Independent Review, Government Office for the North West: Manchester
    Smith, M, (2003) Transforming Youth Work,
    http://www.infed.org.uk/youthwork/transforming.htm
    Social Exclusion Unit (1999) Bridging the Gap –New Opportunities for 16-18
    year olds, London: SEU Thomas, P (2002) Youth Work, Racist Behaviour and Young People –
    Education or Blame? in Scottish Journal of Youth Issues, Issue 4, Summer
    2002, pp 49-66
    Webster, C (1995) Youth Crime, Victimisation and Racial Harassment -The
    Keighley Survey, Bradford: Bradford College
    Webster, C (1996) Local Heroes -Violent Racism, Localism and Spacism
    among Asian and white young people in Youth and Policy, No.53, Summer
    1996, pp 15-27
    Webster, C (2001) Race, Space and Fear - Imagined Geographies of Racism,
    Crime, Violence, and Disorder in Northern England, Paper submitted to the
    Oldham Independent Review into the Oldham Disorders of 26-29 May 2001,
    Middlesborough: University of Teeside (reproduced in ‘Capital and Class’,
    January 2002)

    Depositing User: Sara Taylor
    Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2007
    Last Modified: 06 Aug 2013 12:44
    URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/382

    Document Downloads

    Downloader Countries

    More statistics for this item...

    Item control for Repository Staff only:

    View Item

    University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield, HD1 3DH Copyright and Disclaimer All rights reserved ©