Search:
Computing and Library Services - delivering an inspiring information environment

Crime on bus routes: an evaluation of a safer travel initiative

Newton, Andrew D., Johnson, Shane D. and Bowers, Kate J. (2004) Crime on bus routes: an evaluation of a safer travel initiative. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 27 (3). pp. 302-319. ISSN 1363-951X

[img] PDF
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (284kB)

    Abstract

    This paper reports the main findings of an evaluation of an intensive four-week policing operation along a single bus corridor, aimed at reducing the extent of crime along the bus route. The evaluation, which adopts a mixture of quantitative evaluation techniques, demonstrates that the operation was successful both in increasing officer arrest rates (up to four times for the officers who worked on the scheme), and also in reducing crime levels for particular crime types, namely assault and theft from vehicle, up to 400m from the route. A conceptual discussion is provided as to how to measure the effectiveness of an operation with no geographically predefined action area and to define the relationship between action areas and displacement or diffusion zones. Consequently, this evaluation examines both the influence of the scheme within a predefined distance from the route, and also proposes a method for determining the likely range of influence of the scheme in terms of physical distance

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: UoA 40 (Social Work and Social Policy and Administration) © Emerald Group Publishing Limited
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Buses, Crimes, Passenger transport, Policing, United Kingdom
    Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
    H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
    H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
    Schools: School of Human and Health Sciences
    School of Human and Health Sciences > Applied Criminology Centre
    Related URLs:
    References:

    Anderson, D., Chenery, S. and Pease, K. (1995), Biting Back: Tackling Repeat Burglary and Car
    Crime, Home Office Crime Detection and Prevention Series, Paper 58, Home Office,
    London.
    Atkins, S. (1990), “Personal security as a transport issue: a state of the art review”, Transport
    Reviews, Vol. 10 No. 2, pp. 111-25.Baker, J. and Bewick, I. (2001), Personal Security on Public Transport, Transport and Travel
    Research, Cambridge.
    Bowers, K. and Hirschfield, A. (1999), “Exploring links between crime and disadvantage in
    North-West England: an analysis using geographical information systems”, International
    Journal of Geographical Information Science, Vol. 13 No. 2, pp. 159-84.
    Bowers, K.J. and Johnson, S.D. (2003), “Measuring the geographical displacement of crime”,
    Journal of Quantitative Criminology, Vol. 19 No. 3, pp. 275-301.
    Bowers, K.J., Johnson, S.D. and Hirschfield, A.F.G. (2003), Pushing Back the Boundaries: New
    Techniques for Assessing the Impact of Burglary Schemes, Home Office Online Report
    24/03, Home Office, London.
    Carr, K. and Spring, G. (1993), “Public transport safety: a community right and a communal
    responsibility”, in Clarke, R. (Ed.), Crime Prevention Studies, Vol. 1, Criminal Justice Press,
    Monsey, NY, pp. 147-55.
    Cohen, L. and Felson, M. (1979), “Social change and crime rate trends: a routine activity
    approach”, American Sociological Review, Vol. 44, pp. 588-608.
    DTLR (2002), Get on Board: On Board: An Agenda for Improving Personal Security in Bus
    Travel, Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions, London.
    DETR (1998), A New Deal for Transport: Better for Everyone, Department of the Environment,
    Transport and the Regions, London.
    DETR (1999), Personal Security Issues in Pedestrian Journeys, Department of the Environment,
    Transport and the Regions, London.
    Easteal, P. and Wilson, P.R. (1991), Preventing Crime on Transport, Australian Institute of
    Criminology, Canberra.
    Eck, J. (1997), “Preventing crime at places”, in Sherman, L., Gottfredson, D., MacKenzie, D., Eck, J.,
    Reuter, P. and Bushway, S. (Eds), Preventing Crime: What Works, What Doesn’t, What’s
    Promising, National Institute of Justice, Washington, DC.
    Farrington, D. and Welsh, B. (2002), Effects of Improved Street Lighting On Crime: A Systematic
    Review, Home Office Research Study 251, 251, Home Office, London.
    Felson, M., Belanger, M. and Bichler, G. (1996), “Redesigning hell: preventing crime and disorder
    at the port authority bus terminal”, in Clarke, R. (Ed.), Preventing Mass Transit Crime,
    Crime Prevention Studies, Vol. 6, Willow Tree Press, Monsey, NY, pp. 5-93.
    Hamilton-Smith, N. (2002), “Anticipated consequences: developing a strategy for the targeted
    measurement of displacement and diffusion of benefit”, in Tilley, N. (Ed.), Crime
    Prevention Studies, Vol. 14, Criminal Justice Press, Monsey, NY, pp. 11-52.
    Johnson, S. and Bowers, K. (2003), “Opportunity is in the eye of the beholder: the role of publicity
    in crime prevention”, Criminology and Criminal Policy, Vol. 2 No. 3, pp. 201-28.
    Johnson, S.D., Bowers, K.J., Young, C.A. and Hirschfield, A.F.G. (2001), “Uncovering the true
    picture. evaluating crime reduction initiatives using disaggregate crime data”, Crime
    Prevention and Community Safety: An International Journal, Vol. 3 No. 4, pp. 7-24.
    LaVigne, N. (1997), Visibility and Vigilance: Metro’s Situational Approach to Preventing Subway
    Crime, National Institute of Justice, Washington, DC.
    Laycock, G. and Webb, B. (1992), Reducing Crime on the London Underground: An Evaluation of
    Three Pilot Projects, Crime Prevention Unit Paper 30, Home Office, London.
    Levine, N., Wachs, W. and Shirazi, E. (1986), “Crime at Bus Stops. A study of environmental
    factors”, Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, Vol. 3 No. 4, pp. 339-61.Lipsey, M. and Wilson, D. (2001), Practical Meta-Analysis, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks,
    CA.
    Miethe, T.D. (1991), “Citizen-based crime control activity and victimisation risks: an examination
    of displacement and free-rider effects”, Criminology, Vol. 29 No. 3, pp. 419-39.
    Mirlees-Black, C., Budd, T., Partridge, S. and Mayhew, P. (1998), The 1998 British Crime Survey,
    1998, Home Office, London.
    Needle, J. and Cobb, R. (1997), Improving Transit Security. A Synthesis of Transport Practice,
    TCRP Synthesis 21, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC.
    Nelson, K. (1997), “Policing mass transit: serving a unique community”, Federal Bureau of
    Investigation Law Enforcement Bulletin, January.
    Poyner, B. (1993), Design Against Crime. Beyond Defensible Space, Butterworths, London.
    Sherman, L. (1990), “Police crackdowns: initial and residual deterrence”, in Tonry, M. and Morris,
    N. (Eds), Crime and Justice: A Review of Research, Vol. 12, The University of Chicago
    Press, Chicago, IL, pp. 1-48.
    Sherman, L., Gottfredson, D., MacKenzie, D., Eck, J., Reuter, P. and Bushway, S. (1998),
    Preventing Crime: What Works. What Doesn’t, What’s Promising, National Institute of
    Justice, Washington, DC.
    Smith, M. and Clarke, R. (2000), “Crime and public transport”, in Clarke, R. (Ed.), Crime and
    Justice. A Review of Research, Vol. 27, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL,
    pp. 169-234.
    Smith, M., Clarke, R. and Pease, K. (2002), “Anticipatory benefits in crime prevention”, in Tilley, N.
    (Ed.), Crime Prevention Studies, Vol. 13, Criminal Justice Press, Monsey, NY, pp. 71-88.
    Van Andel, H. (1989), “Crime prevention that works: the care of public transport in the
    Netherlands”, British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 29 No. 1, pp. 47-56.
    Visher, C. and Weisburd, D. (1998), “Identifying what works: recent trends in crime prevention
    strategies”, Crime, Law and Social Change, Vol. 28, pp. 223-42.
    Weiss, C. (1998), Evaluation: Methods for Studying Programs and Policies, Prentice Hall,
    Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

    Depositing User: Sara Taylor
    Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2007
    Last Modified: 28 Jul 2010 19:21
    URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/367

    Document Downloads

    Downloader Countries

    More statistics for this item...

    Item control for Repository Staff only:

    View Item

    University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield, HD1 3DH Copyright and Disclaimer All rights reserved ©