Guan, Luyang, Fengshou, Gu, Fazenda, Bruno, Ball, Andrew, Yichun, Yang and Pengxiao, Teng (2009) DOA Estimation in Car for Abnormal Sound Localisation. In: 8th International Conference on Damage Assessment of Structures, 3-5 August 2009, Beijing, China. (Submitted)
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Spurious noise in car cabinet can be not only annoying bust also indicative of some
potential faults. A small square microphone array with 4 sensors was adopted in this paper to
localize the sound source in car for fault diagnosis. A new voice activity detection (VAD) algorithm
was proposed for the typical discontinuous short-time noise in car due to some fault and applied to
direction of arrival (DOA) estimation as a pre-processing stage. Four different time delay estimation
methods were compared based on the measurements from a typical passenger. Experimental results
illustrate that the VAD algorithm is crucial to achieve robust fault localization performance and the
generalized cross-correlation method with phase transform weighting function is an appropriate
fault localizer in car.
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