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Mental Health Malingering and the Fraudulent Motor Insurance Claimant

Cartwright, Ashley, Roach, Jason, Wood, Harry and Wood, Peter J. (2016) Mental Health Malingering and the Fraudulent Motor Insurance Claimant. Open Access Journal of Forensic Psychology, 8. ISSN 1948-5115

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Abstract

Malingering is the intentional production of false or grossly exaggerated symptoms in order to obtain an advantage. Although it has been estimated that over 800,000 claims for personal injury in Road Traffic Accidents (RTA) were filed in the UK in 2012, no approximation exists forhow many involved malingering. This study attempts to understand what influences a psychiatrist to conclude that a claimant’s symptoms are not caused by an RTA and thus suggests the claimant is malingering. This article describes a study of Personality Assessment Inventory scores alongside collateral forms of evidence for 100 RTA claimants; all individuals seeking compensation for damages to their mental health. The results suggest that up to 40% of these claims could be cate-gorised as not being the result of the RTA. Significant differences emerged between those claimants diagnosed as having a mental disorder as a result of the RTA and those claimants who were classified as not having a mental disorder as a result of the RTA in regards to: employment status, level of injuries and scores on the paranoia scales of the PAI.The study emphasises how the assessment process is idiosyncratic and in need of further research

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Schools: School of Human and Health Sciences
School of Human and Health Sciences > Applied Criminology Centre
School of Human and Health Sciences > Centre for Applied Psychological Research
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Depositing User: Sara Taylor
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2016 12:48
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2016 18:59
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/29505

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