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Practitioners' Perceptions of the Soccer Extra-Time Period: Implications for Future Research

Harper, Liam D., West, Daniel J., Fothergill, Melissa, Stevenson, Emma and Russell, Mark A. (2016) Practitioners' Perceptions of the Soccer Extra-Time Period: Implications for Future Research. PLoS ONE, 11 (7). e0157687. ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract

Qualitative research investigating soccer practitioners’ perceptions can allow researchers to create practical research investigations. The extra-time period of soccer is understudied compared to other areas of soccer research. Using an open-ended online survey containing eleven main and nine sub questions, we gathered the perceptions of extra-time from 46 soccer practitioners, all working for different professional soccer clubs. Questions related to current practices, views on extra-time regulations, and ideas for future research. Using inductive content analysis, the following general dimensions were identified: ‘importance of extra-time’, ‘rule changes’, ‘efficacy of extra-time hydro-nutritional provision’, ‘nutritional timing’,
‘future research directions’, ‘preparatory modulations’ and ‘recovery’. The majority of practitioners (63%) either agreed or strongly agreed that extra-time is an important period
for determining success in knockout football match-play. When asked if a fourth substitution
should be permitted in extra-time, 67% agreed. The use of hydro-nutritional strategies prior
to extra-time was predominately considered important or very important. However; only
41% of practitioners felt that it was the most important time point for the use of nutritional
products. A similar number of practitioners account (50%) and do not (50%) account for the
potential of extra-time when training and preparing players and 89% of practitioners stated that extra-time influences recovery practices following matches. In the five minute break prior to extra-time, the following practices (in order of priority) were advocated to players: hydration, energy provision, massage, and tactical preparations. Additionally, 87% of practitioners advocate a particular nutritional supplementation strategy prior to extra-time. In order of importance, practitioners see the following as future research areas: nutritional interventions, fatigue responses, acute injury risk, recovery modalities, training paradigms, injury epidemiology, and environmental considerations. This study presents novel insight into the practitioner perceptions of extra-time and provides information to readers about current
applied practices and potential future research opportunities.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Schools: School of Human and Health Sciences
Depositing User: Liam Harper
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2016 14:07
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2016 03:40
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/29353

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