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A comparison between the use of straight and curved beam elements for modelling curved railway tracks

Kostovasilis, Dimitrios, Koroma, S.G., Hussein, M.F.M. and Owen, J.S. (2013) A comparison between the use of straight and curved beam elements for modelling curved railway tracks. In: 11th Biennial International Conference on Vibration Problems (ICOVP-2013), 9th - 12th September 2013, Lisbon, Portugal.

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Abstract

A major environmental concern related to railway traffic is vibration. A lot of re- search has been carried out to understand vibration of straight tracks, with less attention been paid to curved tracks. Modelling the dynamic behaviour of a curved railway track is important to understand the physics of generation and propagation of vibration fromtrains at non-straight sections of tracks. Modelling is also important to assess the current and any alternative track designs from an environmental point of view. In this paper a curved track is modelled and the effect of curvature is investigated. Two models have been developed and their results have been compared. In the first, the curved track is modelled using straight beam elements. In the second curved beam elements are used. For both, the Euler-Bernoulli beam theory has been adopted to describe their bending behaviour. The elements have 12 degrees of freedom accounting for displacements and rotations in the lateral, transverse and longitudinal directions. The excitation comes from an axle traversing the rails with subcritical velocity, accounting for the wheel-rail contact forces. The describedmodels are solved using the Finite Element Method. The time domain response of the versine of the curved track due to the passage of the axle is computed. A comparison is made on the efficiency of the two models for different curve radii and frequencies. The two models provide very similar results showing that the piecewise straight beam approximation represents the behaviour of the curved track accurately. Also the curved beam model used in this study shows some limitations for the specific application and therefore the straight element method is recommended

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: Y1 - 2013/09/09/ [EPrints field already has value set] AV - public [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled Keywords: straight and curved beam elements, railway track, finite element method
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Schools: School of Computing and Engineering
School of Computing and Engineering > Institute of Railway Research
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Dimitrios Kostovasilis
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2016 16:24
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2016 17:19
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/29231

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