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Role of epidermis-type lipoxygenases for skin barrier function and adipocyte differentiation

Fürstenberger, G., Epp, N., Eckl, K.M., Hennies, Hans C., Jorgensen, C., Hallenborg, P., Kristiansen, K. and Krieg, P. (2006) Role of epidermis-type lipoxygenases for skin barrier function and adipocyte differentiation. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediators, 82 (1-4). pp. 128-134.

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Abstract

12R-lipoxygenase (12R-LOX) and epidermis-type LOX-3 (eLOX-3) are novel members of the multigene family of mammalian LOX. A considerable gap exists between the identification of these enzymes and their biologic function. Here, we present evidence that 12R-LOX and eLOX-3, acting in sequence, and eLOX-3 in combination with another, not yet identified LOX are critically involved in terminal differentiation of keratinocytes and adipocytes, respectively. Mutational inactivation of 12R-LOX and/or eLOX-3 has been found to be associated with development of an inherited ichthyosiform skin disorder in humans and genetic ablation of 12R-LOX causes a severe impairment of the epidermal lipid barrier in mice leading to post-natal death of the animals. In preadipocytes, a LOX-dependent PPARγ activating ligand is released into the cell supernatant early upon induction of differentiation and available evidence indicates that this ligand is an eLOX-3-derived product. In accordance with this data is the observation that forced expression of eLOX-3 enhances adipocyte differentiation.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Unmapped bibliographic data: ST - Role of epidermis-type lipoxygenases for skin barrier function and adipocyte differentiation [Field not mapped to EPrints] LB - 10 [Field not mapped to EPrints] RP - Not in File [Field not mapped to EPrints]
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adipocytes
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Schools: School of Applied Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Hans Hennies
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2016 11:08
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2016 14:14
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/28807

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