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Modelling, Testing and Analysis of a Regenerative Hydraulic Shock Absorber System

Wang, Ruichen, Gu, Fengshou, Cattley, Robert and Ball, Andrew (2016) Modelling, Testing and Analysis of a Regenerative Hydraulic Shock Absorber System. Energies, 9 (5). ISSN 1996-1073

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To improve vehicle fuel economy whilst enhancing road handling and ride comfort, power generating suspension systems have recently attracted increased attention in automotive engineering. This paper presents our study of a regenerative hydraulic shock absorber system which converts the oscillatory motion of a vehicle suspension into unidirectional rotary motion of a generator. Firstly a model which takes into account the influences of the dynamics of hydraulic flow, rotational motion and power regeneration is developed. Thereafter the model parameters of fluid bulk modulus, motor efficiencies, viscous friction torque, and voltage and torque constant coefficients are determined based on modelling and experimental studies of a prototype system. The model is then validated under different input excitations and load resistances, obtaining results which show good agreement between prediction and measurement. In particular, the system using piston-rod dimensions of 50–30 mm achieves recoverable power of 260 W with an efficiency of around 40% under sinusoidal excitation of 1 Hz frequency and 25 mm amplitude when the accumulator capacity is set to 0.32 L with the load resistance 20 Ω. It is then shown that the appropriate damping characteristics required from a shock absorber in a heavy-haulage vehicle can be met by using variable load resistances and accumulator capacities in a device akin to the prototype. The validated model paves the way for further system optimisation towards maximising the performance of regeneration, ride comfort and handling.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Schools: School of Computing and Engineering > Diagnostic Engineering Research Centre
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Depositing User: Ruichen Wang
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2016 08:42
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2016 18:46


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