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The Application of ANN and ANFIS Prediction Models for Thermal Error Compensation on CNC Machine Tools

Abdulshahed, Ali (2015) The Application of ANN and ANFIS Prediction Models for Thermal Error Compensation on CNC Machine Tools. Doctoral thesis, University of Huddersfield.

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Thermal errors can have significant effects on Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machine tool accuracy. The errors come from thermal deformations of the machine elements caused by heat sources within the machine structure or from ambient temperature change. The effect of temperature can be reduced by error avoidance or numerical compensation. The
performance of a thermal error compensation system essentially depends upon the accuracy and robustness of the thermal error model and its input measurements. This thesis first reviews different methods of designing thermal error models, before concentrating on employing Artificial Intelligence (AI) methods to design different thermal prediction models. In this research work the Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) is used as the backbone for thermal error modelling. The choice of inputs to the thermal model is a non-trivial decision which is ultimately a compromise between the ability to obtain data that sufficiently correlates with the thermal distortion and the cost of implementation of the necessary feedback sensors. In this thesis, temperature measurement was supplemented by direct distortion measurement at accessible locations. The location of temperature measurement must also provide a representative measurement of the change in temperature that will affect the machine structure. The number of sensors and their locations are not always intuitive and the time required to identify the optimal locations is often prohibitive, resulting in compromise and poor results. In this thesis,
a new intelligent system for reducing thermal errors of machine tools using data obtained from thermography data is introduced. Different groups of key temperature points on a machine can be identified from thermal images using a novel schema based on a Grey system theory and Fuzzy C-Means (FCM) clustering method. This novel method simplifies the modelling process, enhances the accuracy of the system and reduces the overall number of inputs to the model, since otherwise a much larger number of thermal sensors would be required to cover the entire structure.
An Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System with Fuzzy C-Means clustering (ANFIS-FCM) is then employed to design the thermal prediction model. In order to optimise the approach, a parametric study is carried out by changing the number of inputs and number of Membership Functions (MFs) to the ANFIS-FCM model, and comparing the relative robustness of the designs. The proposed approach has been validated on three different machine tools under different operation conditions. Thus the proposed system has been shown to be robust to different internal heat sources, ambient changes and is easily extensible to other CNC machine tools.
Finally, the proposed method is shown to compare favourably against alternative approaches such as an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model and different Grey models.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Schools: School of Computing and Engineering
Depositing User: Elizabeth Boulton
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2016 17:13
Last Modified: 23 May 2016 15:43


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