Fletcher-Cook, Phyllis Isobel (2006) Student and tutor perceptions of computer assisted learning in clinical and health studies. Doctoral thesis, University of Huddersfield.
Restricted to Registered users only
This research focused on tutors and first and third year cohorts of undergraduate students within a department of clinical and health studies. The aims of the study were to explore tutor and student perceptions of the advantages of, and barriers to, computer-assisted learning (CAL) and perceived influence of CAL on reflection and reasoning skills.
Two questionnaires were developed, to survey the two populations of participants, involving 197 students and 31 tutors. Illuminative follow-up semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 23 students and 13 tutors.
The questionnaire datasets were analysed descriptively, and inferentially using the non-parametric Mann-Whitney procedure, to test for differences between age groups, gender and year of training The interview transcripts were thematically analysed and inductively coded. Member checking by transcript checking, and by discussion of emergent themes by four participant focus groups was undertaken.
The student and tutor questionnaires and interviews resulted in common perceived advantages of CAL. These included a perception of CAL as an adjunct or support tool rather than a primary approach to teaching and learning. CAL was seen as a tool for improving work presentation, facilitating communication, enabling formative assessment, helping organise notes and as an information source. It was also perceived as giving flexibility to learning in any place, at any pace and any time. CAL was seen as able to save time, and induce positive emotions when things went well.
Common barriers to CAL were lack of time to develop or use CAL and time wastage, limited computer literacy/skill level, negative emotions, inadequate training and support, access issues, cost and lack of portability. Loss of face-to-face contact with CAL was also a barrier to its use.
CAL was not the preferred means of engendering reflection and reasoning skills.
Emergent theory was identified and the study concludes with recommendations on training and support.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Doctoral)|
|Additional Information:||Copyright 2006 The Author|
|Subjects:||L Education > LB Theory and practice of education|
|Schools:||School of Education and Professional Development|
Abi-Raad, M. (1997) ‘Rethinking Approaches to Teaching with Telecommunication Technologies’, Journal of Information Technology for Teacher Education, Vol.6, No.2, pp205-214.
Byrne, M. M. (2001) ‘Linking Philosophy, Methodology and Methods in Qualitative Research’ [online] Available at: http://www.aorn.org.journal/2001/janrc.htm
Caple, J. & Martin, P. (1994) ‘Reflections of Two Pragmatists A critique of Honey and Mumford’s learning Styles’, Industrial and Commercial Training, Vol 26, No 1, pp16-2
Carswell, L. Thomas, P. Petre, M. Price, B & Richards, M (2000) ‘Distance Education via the Internet: The Student Experience’, British Journal of Educational Technology, Vol.31, No.1, pp29-46
Charlin, B. Tardif, J. & Boshuizen, H.P.A. (2000) ‘Scripts and Medical Diagnostic Knowledge: theory and Applications for Clinical Reasoning Instruction and Research,’ Academic Medicine, Vol.75, No.2, pp182-190
Chartered Society of Physiotherapy,(CSP) (2002)’ Barriers to IT Use’, [online] Available at: <http://www.csp.org.uk/libra…ions/frontline/archive.cfm?id=389&is=38> [Accessed on 5th March 2003]
Chartered Society of Physiotherapy (CSP) (2003) Resources for Continuing Professional Development (CPD): The Responsibilities of Physiotherapy staff, Managers and Employers. London: Chartered Society of Physiotherapy
Cheese, P. (2003) ’ How do learners define blended learning?’
Childs, S. Blenkinsopp, E. Hall, A. & Walton, G. (2005) ’Effective
Cholowski, K. & Chan, L. (2004) ‘Cognitive factors in student nurses’ clinical problem solving,’ Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, Vol.10, No.1, pp85-95
Christianson, L. Tiene, D. & Luft, P. (2002) ‘Examining Online Instruction in Undergraduate Nursing Education’, Distance Education, Vol.23, No.2, pp 213-229
Christie, A. Worley, P. & Jones, M. (2000) The Internet and Clinical Reasoning In: Higgs, J. and Jones, M.( Eds) (2000) Clinical Reasoning in the Health Professions, 2nd Ed, Oxford: Butterworth Heinemann
Clegg, S. Tan, J. & Saeidi, S. (2002) ’Reflecting or Acting? Reflective Practice and Continuing Professional Development in Higher Education,’ Reflective Practice, Vol.9, No.1, pp131-146
Cobb, S. C. (2005) ‘Internet Continuing Education for Health Care Professionals: An Integrative Review’, Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, Vol.24, Issue.3, pp171-180
Coffield, F. Moseley, D. Hall, E. & Ecclestone, K. (2004) ‘Should we be using learning styles? What research has to say to practice’, The Learning and Skills Research Centre, [online] Available at:
Cohen, L. & Manion, L. (1994) Research Methods in Education, (4th Ed) London:Routledge.
Coniam, D. (1999) ‘ Subjects’ Reactions to Computer-Based Tests’, Journal of Educational Technology Systems, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp195-206.
Collins, A. Brown, J.S. & Newman, S. (1989) Cognitive apprenticeship: teaching the crafts of reading, writing and mathematics. In: L.B. Resnick (ed), Knowing, learning and instruction: essays in honour of Robert Glaser. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum & Associates.
Conole, G. & Oliver, M. (1997) ‘A Pedagogical Framework for Embedding C&IT into the Curriculum,’ BP ELT Report No 2, University of London
Cope, C. & Ward, P. (2002) ‘Integrating learning technology into classrooms:The importance of teachers’ perceptions’ ,Educational Technology & Society, Vol 5, No 1,pp67-74
Corderoy, R. M. & Lefoe, G. (1997) ‘Tips and Secrets for Online Teaching and Learning : an Inside View’, In: ASCILITE Conference, December 7-10,1997.University of Hawaii. Curtin University [online] Available at: http://alpha6.curtin.edu.au/conference/ASCILITE97/papers/Corderoy/Corderoy.html
Cross, V. Liles, C. Conduit, J. & Price, J. (2004) ‘Linking reflective practice to evidence of competence: a workshop for allied health professionals.’ Reflective Practice, Vol.5, No.1.
Cruise, S. M. Lewis, C. A. & McGuckin, C. (2006) ‘Internal Consistency, Reliability and Temporal Stability of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire Short-form: Test-Retest Data over Two Weeks’, Social Behaviour and Personality, Vol.34, No. 2, pp123-126.
Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1997) ’Intrinsic Motivation and Effective Teaching: a Flow Analysis’, in Bess, J. (Ed.),Teaching Well and Liking It, Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.
Cunningham, H. & Plotkin, K. (2000) ‘Using the Internet in a Nursing Clinical Practicum Course: Benefits and Challenges’, Australian Electronic Journal of Nursing Education, Vol.5, No.2, March.
Cust, J. (1995) ‘Recent cognitive perspectives on learning – implications for nurse education’, Nurse Education Today, Vol 15, No 4, pp280-290
Cutcliffe, J.R. & McKenna, H.P. (1999) ‘Establishing the Credibility of Qualitative Research Findings: the plot thickens’, Journal of Advanced Nursing, Vol. 30, No. 2, pp 374-380.
Daley, B.J. (1999) ‘Novice to Expert: An exploration of how professionals learn,’ Adult Education Quarterly, Vol.49, No.4, pp133-147.
Dalgarno, B. (1996) ‘Constructivist Computer Assisted Learning: Theory and Techniques’, University of Canberra, [online] Available at; http://www.ascilite.org.au/conference/adelaide96/papers/21.html
Davies, A. Ramsay, J. Lindfield, H. & Couperthwaite, J. (2005) ‘A blended approach to learning: added value and lessons learnt from students’ use of computer-based materials for neurological analysis’, British Journal of Educational Technology, Vol.36, No.5, pp839-849
Davies, J. & Pigott, N. (2002) ‘E-Learning in UK Higher Education,’ [online] Available at: http://auavisit.open.ac.uk/themes [Accessed on 20th December 2003]
Dearing, R. (1997) ‘Higher Education in the Learning Society’, HMSO. [online] Available at:
Department of Health (2000) Meeting the Challenge: a strategy for the allied health professions, London: NHS Executive
Department of Health (2001) Working together – learning together: a framework for lifelong learning for the NHS, London: HMSO
Desmedt, E. & Valcke, M. (2003) Learning style awareness: why would it work? In search for a theoretical explanation for a self-evidence conception. In S Armstrong, M Graff, C Lashley, E Peterson, S Raynor, E Sadler-Smith, M Schiering, and D Spicer (eds) Bridging theory and practice, pp139-150. Proceedings of the Eigth Annual European Learning Styles Information Network Conference, University of Hull: University of Hull
Dewhurst, D.G. Macleod, H.A. & Norris, T.A.M. (2000) ‘Independent Student Learning Aided by Computers: an Acceptable Alternative to Lectures? Computers and Education, Vol.35, No.3, pp223-241
DfES (2001) ‘Education and Skills: Delivering Results – a strategy to 2006’, London: DfES Publications
DfES (2005) The E-Strategy – ‘Harnessing Technology’ [online] Available at: http://www.dfes.gov.uk/publications/e-strategy/
Dillon, P. (1998) ‘Teaching and Learning with Telematics:an overview of the literature’, Journal of Information Technology for Teacher Education,Vol 7, No 1, pp33-50
Dixon, D.R. (1999) ’The Behavioural Side of Information Technology’, International Journal of Medical Informatics, Vol.56, Issues.1-3, pp117-1123
Dixon, K. Pelliccione, L. & Dixon, R. (2005) ‘Differing Student Views of online Learning Modes Across Two Programmes in an Australian University’, Campus-Wide Information Systems, Vol.22, No.3, pp 140-147
Domholdt, E. (1993) Physical Therapy Research, Principles and Applications, London: W.B. Saunders Company.
Doughty, G. (1996a) ‘Making a Change to IT in University Teaching Illustrated by a Maths Case Study’ [online] Available at: http://www.elec.gla.ac.uk/tltsn/Calmat2.html
Doughty, G. (1996b) IT in Education and Education in IT. In: Conference on “Ensuring National Competitiveness in the Information Economy”, April 24-27 1996. Jakarta, Indonesia.
Downes, T. (1993) ‘Student Teachers’ Experiences in Using Computers During Teaching Practice’, Journal of C
|Depositing User:||Users 4 not found.|
|Date Deposited:||20 Dec 2007|
|Last Modified:||28 Jul 2010 18:20|
Downloads per month over past year
Repository Staff Only: item control page