Computing and Library Services - delivering an inspiring information environment

Hearts Of Oak: Traditional Timber Frames and Timber Conversion.

Hippisley-Cox, Charles (2015) Hearts Of Oak: Traditional Timber Frames and Timber Conversion. Architectural Technology (113). pp. 14-16. ISSN 1361-326X

This is the latest version of this item.

PDF - Published Version
Download (2MB) | Preview


Traditionally, timber would have been cut down and prepared using axes, with wedges used for splitting and adzes for finishing surfaces.

The ability to produce wrought iron enabled the production of metal that could be shaped, toothed and sharpened to form saw blades.

Prior to the 1840s and the introduction of rotating “circular” saws, saw mills exclusively used a vertical movement for converting the trees into timber. Saw mills were traditionally powered by water, with the rotary motion of the wheel being transferred via a crank shaft to a rip-saw blade mounted in a vertical wooden frame known as a sash.

▼ Jump to Download Statistics
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: timber frame, traditional building construction, building conservation, water mills, oak, timber, blades, technology, saws, woodland management, carpentry, cruck frames, water power, sustainability, architectural conservation
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D111 Medieval History
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
T Technology > TH Building construction
Schools: School of Art, Design and Architecture
Related URLs:

Alcock, N. W. 1973 A Catalogue of Cruck Buildings, Phillimore for VAG
Alcock N W, 1981, Cruck Construction. The Council for British Archaeology Research Report No 42. 37-9
Airs M, 1995, The Tudor and Jacobean Country House. A Building History. Sutton Publishing, Stroud.
Alcock N, W, 1973, A Catalogue of Cruck Buildings. Vernacular Architecture Society.
Alcock N W, 1996, The meaning of Insethouse, Vernacular Architecture 27, 8-9.
Alcock N W, 1997, A Response to: Cruck Distribution: A Social Explanation by Eric Mercer’,Vernacular Architecture 28 (1997), 92-3.
Alcock N W, 2002, The Distribution and Dating of Crucks and Base Crucks, Vernacular Architecture 33, 67-70.
Alcock N W, 2007, The Origins of Crucks. A Rejoinder, Vernacular Architecture 38, 11-14.
Brunskill R W, 1994, Timber Building in Britain. Victor Gollancz, London.
Hewett, Cecil A. 1980, English Historic Carpentry, Philimore, 231-233.
Hill N, 2005, On the Origins of Crucks: An Innocent Notion, Vernacular Architecture 36, 1-14.
Mason, R.T.(un-dated) Framed Buildings of England, Coach Publishing House, Horsham
Mercer E, 1996, Cruck Distribution: A Social Explanation, Vernacular Architecture 27, 1-2.
Pearson S, 2001, The Chronological Distribution of Tree-Ring Dates, 1980-2001: An Update, Vernacular Architecture 32, 68-69.
Ross, P., Mettem, C. and Holloway, A. 2007, Green Oak in Construction, TRADA Technology.
Ryder, Peter 1982, Timber Framed Buildings in South Yorkshire, SYCC Archaeological Service
Williams, Michael, 1992 Americans and Their Forests, Cambridge University Press

Depositing User: Charles Hippisley-Cox
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2015 13:44
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2015 23:41

Available Versions of this Item

  • Hearts Of Oak: Traditional Timber Frames and Timber Conversion. (deposited 31 Mar 2015 13:44) [Currently Displayed]


Downloads per month over past year

Repository Staff Only: item control page

View Item View Item

University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield, HD1 3DH Copyright and Disclaimer All rights reserved ©