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36mm Metal-on-Metal Hips have Similar Taper Material Loss Rates as Larger Diameter Hips from the Same Manufacturer

Whittaker, Robert, Hothi, Harry, Meswania, Jay, Bills, Paul J., Racasan, Radu, Eskelinen, Antti, Blunn, Gordon, Skinner, John and Hart, A. J. (2015) 36mm Metal-on-Metal Hips have Similar Taper Material Loss Rates as Larger Diameter Hips from the Same Manufacturer. In: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting, March 24-28 2015, Las Vegas, NV, USA. (Submitted)

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Abstract

Introduction: There is a two-fold difference in failure rate between the two most commonly used metal-on-metal (MOM) bearing types in the US. We compared these two bearing types; one with a 36mm diameter with a modular cup and one with a diameter >36mm with a monoblock cup.
Methods: This was a retrospective study involving 60 retrieved LD-MOM-THR hips of 2 different cobalt-chromium bearing designs (n=30 in each group) from a single manufacturer that had been paired with a single cementless titanium 12/14 stem design from the same manufacturer (Table 1). One group consisted of a monoblock cup whilst the other had a modular cup design with separate metal shell and liner components. Paired t-tests revealed that the two groups were statistically matched in relation to patient age, gender and time to revision. We used a well-published scoring method to visually assess the severity of corrosion at each head taper surface on a scale of 1 (none) to 4 (severe). We then used a roundness-measuring machine to measure the volume of material loss at the taper surfaces. The statistical significance of any differences between the two hip designs in relation to corrosion scores and material loss were then evaluated.
Results: We found that 93% (n=28 in each group) of the tapers showed evidence of corrosion, however there was no significant difference between the two groups (p=0.61). The monoblock cup group had a median taper material loss rate of 0.397 mm3/year (0-4.198) and the material loss of the modular cup group was 0.216 mm3/year (0-3.117). There was no significant difference between the two groups (p=0.132).
Discussion and Conclusion: We found corrosion and material loss rates for the tapers of 36mm hips to be comparable to larger diameter hips from the same manufacturer. This supports the classification of 36mm hips as large diameter.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Schools: School of Computing and Engineering > Centre for Precision Technologies
School of Computing and Engineering > Centre for Precision Technologies > EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacturing in Advanced Metrology
School of Computing and Engineering > Centre for Precision Technologies > Surface Metrology Group
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Depositing User: Paul Bills
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2015 11:21
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2015 16:43
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/23590

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