Search:
Computing and Library Services - delivering an inspiring information environment

Differences between easy- and difficult-to-mill chickpea (Cicer arietinumL.) genotypes. Part III: free sugar and non-starch polysaccharide composition

Wood, Jennifer A., Knights, Edmund J., Campbell, Grant M. and Choct, Mingan (2014) Differences between easy- and difficult-to-mill chickpea (Cicer arietinumL.) genotypes. Part III: free sugar and non-starch polysaccharide composition. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 94 (7). pp. 1454-1462. ISSN 0022-5142

Metadata only available from this repository.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Parts I and II of this series of papers identified several associations between the ease of milling and the chemical compositions of different chickpea seed fractions. Non-starch polysaccharides were implicated; hence, this study examines the free sugars and sugar residues.
RESULTS

Difficult milling is associated with: (1) lower glucose and xylose residues (less cellulose and xyloglucans) and more arabinose, rhamnose and uronic acid in the seed coat, suggesting a more flexible seed coat that resists cracking and decortication; (2) a higher content of soluble and insoluble non-starch polysaccharide fractions in the cotyledon periphery, supporting a pectic polysaccharide mechanism comprising arabinogalacturonan, homogalacturonan, rhamnogalalcturonan, and glucuronan backbone structures; (3) higher glucose and mannose residues in the cotyledon periphery, supporting a lectin-mediated mechanism of adhesion; and (4) higher arabinose and glucose residues in the cotyledon periphery, supporting a mechanism involving arabinogalactan-proteins.
CONCLUSION

This series has shown that the chemical composition of chickpea does vary in ways that are consistent with physical explanations of how seed structure and properties relate to milling behaviour. Seed coat strength and flexibility, pectic polysaccharide binding, lectins and arabinogalactan-proteins have been implicated. Increased understanding in these mechanisms will allow breeding programmes to optimise milling performance in new cultivars.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Schools: School of Applied Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Cherry Edmunds
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2014 16:29
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2014 16:29
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/22794

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Repository Staff Only: item control page

View Item View Item

University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield, HD1 3DH Copyright and Disclaimer All rights reserved ©