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A mitochondrial stratigraphy for Island Southeast Asia

Hill, Catherine, Soares, Pedro, Mormina, Maru, Macaulay, Vincent, Clarke, Douglas, Blumbach, Petya B., Vizuete-Forster, Matthieu, Forster, Peter, Bulbeck, David, Oppenheimer, Stephen and Richards, Martin B. (2007) A mitochondrial stratigraphy for Island Southeast Asia. American Journal of Human Genetics, 80. pp. 29-43. ISSN 1537-6605

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    Abstract

    Island Southeast Asia (ISEA) was first colonized by modern humans at least 45,000 years ago, but the extent to which the modern inhabitants trace their ancestry to the first settlers is a matter of debate. It is widely held, in both archaeology and linguistics, that they are largely descended from a second wave of dispersal, proto-Austronesianspeaking agriculturalists who originated in China and spread to Taiwan 5,500 years ago. From there, they are thought to have dispersed into ISEA 4,000 years ago, assimilating the indigenous populations. Here, we demonstrate that mitochondrial DNA diversity in the region is extremely high and includes a large number of indigenous clades. Only a fraction of these date back to the time of first settlement, and the majority appear to mark dispersals in the late-Pleistocene or early-Holocene epoch most likely triggered by postglacial flooding. There are much closer genetic links to Taiwan than to the mainland, but most of these probably predated the mid-Holocene "Out of Taiwan" event as traditionally envisioned. Only 20% at most of modern mitochondrial DNAs in ISEA could be linked to such an event, suggesting that, if an agriculturalist migration did take place, it was demographically minor, at least with regard to the involvement of women.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: Reproduced by permission of American Journal of Human Genetics, published by The American Society of Human Genetics © 2006 The American Society of Human Genetics.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: mitochondrial stratigraphy Island Southeast Asia
    Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
    G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
    Schools: School of Applied Sciences
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    Depositing User: Sara Taylor
    Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2007
    Last Modified: 29 Nov 2012 12:27
    URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/218

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