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Okra extracts in pharmaceutical and food applications

Ghori, Muhammad U., Alba, Katerina, Smith, Alan M., Conway, Barbara R. and Kontogiorgos, Vassilis (2014) Okra extracts in pharmaceutical and food applications. Food Hydrocolloids, 42 (3). pp. 342-347. ISSN 0268-005X

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The potential of okra extract was evaluated for uses in pharmaceutical and food applications. Okra polysaccharides were extracted and dried using different drying procedures (oven drying and freeze-drying). The extracts were examined by means of measurement of swelling and dissolution behaviour of okra extract-based hydrophilic matrices for controlled drug release and emulsification capacity of n-hexadecane. Drying technique and solubility of drugs used were shown to have a significant impact on the swelling and dissolution of the hydrophilic matrix tablets prepared. It was shown that the oven-dried extracts increased swelling of the matrices by approximately 20% compared with freeze dried extracts, resulting in slower drug release. The relative drug solubility also contributed to the extent of swelling and drug release with poorly soluble flurbiprofen reducing the swelling and the release rate when compared with freely soluble theophylline. The emulsification capacity of the okra extracts was also investigated and they were found to emulsify n-hexadecane at pH 3.0. The emulsions produced had an average droplet size of ∼6 μm rising to ∼23 μm after 5 days then remaining relatively constant following 30 days of storage. These results highlight the potential of okra polysaccharide as an alternative sources to fabricate hydrophilic matrix tablets or as stabilisers of emulsions that can be used to deliver drugs or nutrients.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Schools: School of Applied Sciences
School of Human and Health Sciences > Institute for Skin Integrity and Infection Prevention
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Depositing User: Vasileios Kontogiorgos
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2014 09:05
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2016 15:06


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