Search:
Computing and Library Services - delivering an inspiring information environment

The influence of habitat structure and flow permanence on invertebrate communities in karst spring systems

Smith, H., Wood, P.J. and Gunn, John (2003) The influence of habitat structure and flow permanence on invertebrate communities in karst spring systems. Hydrobiologia, 510 (1-3). pp. 53-66. ISSN 1573-5117

[img] PDF
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (319kB)

    Abstract

    The macroinvertebrate fauna of five karst (limestone) springbrook systems with contrasting physical habitat and discharge patterns were investigated to examine the role of flow permanence and habitat structure on macroinvertebrate community composition. Clear physical differences were identified between perennial and intermittent springs and individual sampling stations. However, flow permanence, water temperature and the input of leaf litter exerted a greater influence on the aquatic invertebrate community than habitat structure. Perennial sites were characterised by a greater abundance of macroinvertebrates and greater Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera (EPT) richness than intermittent sites. The fauna of all of the springbrook systems examined were dominated by relatively common and ubiquitous taxa (e.g. Gammarus pulex) although a number of taxa displaying life cycle adaptations to ephemeral aquatic habitats (e.g. Limnephilus auricula and Stenophylax permistus) were recorded at intermittent sites.

    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: © 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Uncontrolled Keywords: flow variability - spring ecology - groundwater - habitat structure - crenobiology
    Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
    G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
    Schools: School of Applied Sciences
    References:

    Armitage, P. D., I. Pardo & A. Brown, 1995. Temporal constancy in
    ‘mesohabitats’ – application to management. Arch. Hydrobiol.
    133: 367–387.
    Arscott, D. B., K. Tockner & J. V. Ward, 2001. Thermal heterogeneity
    along a braided floodplain river (Tagliamento River,
    northeastern Italy). Can. J. Fish. aquat. Sci. 58: 2359–2373.
    Batzer, D. P. & V. H. Resh, 1992. Macroinvertebrates of a California
    seasonal wetland and responses to experimental habitat
    manipulation. Wetlands 12: 1–7.
    Botosaneanu, L., 1998. Studies in Crenobiology: The Biology of
    Springs and Springbrooks. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden: 261 pp.
    Boulton, A. J., 1989. Over-summering refuges of aquatic macroinvertebrates
    in two intermittent streams in Central Victoria. Trans.
    r. Soc. Southern Aust. 113: 23–34.
    Boulton, A. J. & P. S. Lake, 1992. The ecology of two intermittent
    streams in Victoria, Australia. II. Comparisons of faunal composition
    between habitats, rivers and years. Freshwat. Biol. 27:
    99–121.
    Castella, E., M. Bickerton, P. D. Armitage & G. E. Petts, 1995. The
    effects of water abstractions on invertebrate communities in U.K.
    streams. Hydrobiologia 308: 167–182.
    Danks, H. V. & D. D. Williams, 1991. Arthropods of springs, with
    particular reference to Canada: synthesis and needs for research.
    Mem. Entomol. Soc. Can. 155: 203–217.
    Erman, N. A. & D. C. Erman, 1995. Spring Permanence,
    Trichoptera Species Richness, and the Role of Drought. J. Kans.
    Entomol. Soc. 68: 50–64.
    Feminella, J. W., 1996. Comparison of benthic macroinvertebrate
    assemblages in small streams along a gradient of flow
    permanence. J. N. am. benthol. Soc. 15: 651–669.
    Glazier D. S., 1991. The fauna of North American temperate cold
    springs: patterns and hypotheses. Freshwat. Biol. 26: 527–542.
    Glazier, D. S. & J. L. Gooch, 1987. Macroinvertebrate assemblages
    in Pennsylvania (U.S.A.) springs. Hydrobiologia 150: 33–43.
    Gooch, J. L. & D. S. Glazier, 1991. Temporal and spatial patterns in
    mid-Appalachian springs. Mem. Entomol. Soc. Can. 155: 29–49.
    Gordon, N. D., T. A. McMahon & B. L. Finlayson, 1992. Stream
    Hydrology: An Introduction for Ecologists. John Wiley and
    Sons, Chichester: 526 pp.
    Gray, L. J., 1981. Species composition and life histories of aquatic
    insects in a lowland Sonoran desert stream. Am. Mid. Nat. 106:
    229–242.
    Gunn, J., D. Lowe & T. Waltham, 1998. The karst geomorphology
    and hydrogeology of Great Britain. In Daoxian, Y. & L. Zaihua
    (eds), Global Karst Correlation. Science Press and VSP BV.
    Harper, D. M., C. Smith, P. Barham & R. Howell, 1995. The ecological
    basis for the management of the natural environment. In
    Harper, D. M. & A. J. Ferguson (eds), The Ecological Basis for
    River Management. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester: 59–78.
    Hoffsten, P.-O. & B. Malmqvist, 2000. The macroinvertebrate fauna
    and hydrogeology of springs in central Sweden. Hydrobiologia
    436: 91–104.
    Ito, T., 1998. The biology of the primitive, distinctly crenophilic
    caddisflies, Ptilocolepinae (Trichoptera, Hydroptilidae). A review.
    In Botosaneanu, L. (ed.), Studies in Crenobiology: The
    Biology of Springs and Springbrooks. Backhuys Publishers,
    Leiden: 85–94.
    Ladle, M. & J. A. B. Bass, 1981. The ecology of a small chalk
    stream and its responses to drying during drought conditions.
    Arch. Hydrobiol. 90: 448–466.
    Langton, P. H. & J. Cass, 1998. Changes in chironomid assemblage
    composition in two Mediterranean mountain streams over a
    period of extreme hydrological conditions. Hydrobiologia 390:
    37–47.
    Lindegaard, C., 1995. Chironomidae (Diptera) of European cold
    springs and factors influencing their distribution. J. Kans. Entomol.
    Soc. suppl. 68: 108–131.
    Lindegaard, C., K. P. Brodersen, P. Wiberg-Larsen & J. Skriver,
    1998. Multivariate analyses of macrofaunal communities in Danish
    springs and springbrooks. In Botosaneanu, L. (ed.), Studies
    in Crenobiology: The Biology of Springs and Springbrooks.
    Backhuys Publishers, Leiden: 201–210.
    Meyer, A. & E. I. Meyer, 2000. Discharge and macroinvertebrates
    in a temporary karstic stream. Aquat. Sci. 62: 216–231.
    Pardo, I. & P. D. Armitage, 1997. Species assemblages as
    descriptors of mesohabitats. Hydrobiologia 344: 111–128.
    Petts, G. E., M. A. Bickerton, C. Crawford, D. N. Learner &
    D. Evans, 1999. Flow management to sustain groundwaterdominated
    stream ecosystems. Hydrol. Process. 13: 497–513.
    Pisces Conservation, 1998. α Species Diversity and Richness.
    Pisces Conservation Ltd, Lymington, Hampshire.
    Pitty, A. F., 1976. Water temperatures of the limestone areas of the
    central and southern Pennines. Proc. Yorkshire Geol. Soc. 40:
    601–612.
    Ponder, W. F., 1985. South Australian mound springs: relict faunas
    in the desert. Aust. Nat. Hist. 21: 352–355.
    Rosi-Marshall, E. J. & J. B. Wallace, 2002. Invertebrate food webs
    along a stream resource gradient. Freshwat. Biol. 47: 129–141.
    Ryen, M. & J. Meiman, 1996. An examination of short-term
    variations in water quality in a karst spring in Kentucky. Groundwater
    34: 23–30.
    Smith, H., 2000. The hydro-ecology of limestone springs in the
    Wye Valley, Derbyshire. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of
    Huddersfield.
    Smith, H., J. Gunn & P. J. Wood, 2001. The macroinvertebrate
    communities of limestone springs of theWye Valley Derbyshire.
    Cave and Karst Sci. 28: 67–78.
    Smith, H. & P. J. Wood, 2002. Flow permanence and macroinvertebrate
    community variability in limestone spring systems.
    Hydrobiologia 487: 45–58.
    Sommerhäuser, M., B. Robert & H. Schuhmacher, 1996. Flight periods
    and life strategies of caddisflies in temporary and perennial
    woodland brooks in the Lower Rhine Area (Germany). Proceedings
    of the Eighth International Symposium on Trichoptera,
    Minneapolis/St Paul, July 1995: 425–433.
    ter Braak, C. J. F.&P. Šmilauer, 1998. CANOCO Reference Manual
    and User’s Guide to Canoco for Windows: Software for Canonical
    Community Ordination (version 4). Microcomputer Power,
    Ithaca, NY, U.S.A.: 352 pp.
    Townsend, C. R., A. G. Hildrew & K. Schofield, 1987. Persistence
    of stream communities in relation to environmental variability. J.
    anim. Ecol. 56: 597–613.
    van der Kamp, G., 1995. The hydrogeology of springs in relation to
    the biodiversity of spring fauna: a review. J. Kans. Entomol. Soc.
    Suppl. 68: 4–17.
    Webb, D. W., M. J. Wetzel, P. C. Reed, L. R. Phillippe & T. C.
    Young, 1998. The macroinvertebrate biodiversity, water quality,
    and hydrogeology of ten karst springs in the Salem Plateau
    Section of Illinois, U.S.A. In Botosaneanu, L. (ed.), Studies
    in Crenobiology: The Biology of Springs and Springbrooks.
    Backhuys Publishers, Leiden: 39–48.
    Wiggins, G. B., R. J. Mackay & I. M. Smith, 1980. Evolutionary
    and ecological strategies of animals in annual temporary pools.
    Arch. Hydrobiol. suppl. 58: 97–206.
    Williams, D. D., 1991. The spring as an interface between groundwater
    and lotic faunas and as a tool in assessing groundwater
    quality. Verh. int. Ver. Theor. Angew. Limnol. 24: 1621–1624.
    Williams, D. D., 1996. Environmental constraints in temporary
    fresh waters and their consequences for the insect fauna. J. N.
    am. benthol. Soc. 15: 634–650.
    Williams, D. D. & N. E.Williams, 1993. The upstream/downstream
    movement paradox of lotic invertebrates: quantitative evidence
    from a Welsh mountain stream. Freshwat. Biol. 30: 199–218.
    Williams, D. D. & N. E. Williams, 1998. Invertebrate communities
    from freshwater springs: what can they contribute to pure and
    applied ecology? In Botosaneanu, L. (ed.), Studies in Crenobiology: The Biology of Springs and Springbrooks. Backhuys
    Publishers, Leiden: 251–261.
    Williams, D. D. & N. E. Williams, 1999. Canadian Springs: postglacial
    development of the invertebrate fauna. In Batzer, D. P.,
    R. Rader & S. A. Wissinger (eds), Invertebrates in Freshwater
    Wetlands of North America: Ecology and Management. John
    Wiley and Sons, New York: 447–467.
    Williams, D. D., N. E. Williams & Y. Cao, 1997. Spatial differences
    in macroinvertebrate community structure in southeastern
    Ontario in relation to their chemical and physical environments.
    Can. J. Zool. 75: 1404–1414.
    Williams, D. D., N. E. Williams & Y. Cao, 2000. Road salt
    contamination of groundwater in a major metropolitan area and
    development of a biological index to monitor its impact. Water
    Res. 34: 127–138.
    Wood P. J. & P. D. Armitage, 1999. Sediment deposition in a small
    lowland stream – management implications. Regul. Rivers: Res.
    Manage. 15: 199–210.
    Wood, P. J., D.M. Hannah, M. D. Agnew & G. E. Petts, 2001. Scales
    of hydroecological variability within a groundwater-dominated
    stream. Regul. Rivers: Res. Manage. 17: 347–367.
    Zollhöfer, J. M., 1999. Spring biotopes in Northern Switzerland:
    Habitat Heterogeneity, Zoobenthic Communities and Colonization
    Dynamics. PhD Thesis, Swiss Federal Institute of Science
    and Technology, Zürich.

    Depositing User: Sara Taylor
    Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2007
    Last Modified: 08 Sep 2010 13:53
    URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/207

    Document Downloads

    Downloader Countries

    More statistics for this item...

    Item control for Repository Staff only:

    View Item

    University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield, HD1 3DH Copyright and Disclaimer All rights reserved ©