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Emission Characteristics of CI Engine Running with Biodiesel

Tesfa, Belachew, Gu, Fengshou, Mishra, Rakesh and Ball, Andrew (2013) Emission Characteristics of CI Engine Running with Biodiesel. In: World Congress on Petrochemistry and Chemical Engineering, 18th - 20th November 2013, San Antonio, Texas, USA. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Biodiesel is one of the alternative fuels which is renewable and environmentally friendly and can be used in diesel engines with little or no modifications. In the present study, experimental investigations were carried out on the effects of biodiesel types and biodiesel fraction on the emission characteristics of a compression ignition (CI) engine. The experimental work was conducted on a four-cylinder, four -stroke, direct injection (DI) and turbocharged diesel engine by using biodiesel of waste oil, rapeseed oil and corn oil and normal diesel. The fuels used in the analyses are B20, B50, B100 and neat diesel. The engine was running for range of engine speeds and loads. Based on the measured parameters, detailed analyses were carried out on major emission such as NOx, CO, CO2, and THC. It has been seen that the biodiesel types (sources) do result in any significant differences in emission. The results also clearly indicate that the engine running with biodiesel and blends have higher NOx emission up to 20%. However, the emissions of CI engine running on biodiesel were reduced up to 15%, 40% and 30% for CO, CO2 and THC emissions respectively as compared to diesel fuel at main operating conditions.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Schools: School of Computing and Engineering
School of Computing and Engineering > Automotive Engineering Research Group
School of Computing and Engineering > Diagnostic Engineering Research Centre
School of Computing and Engineering > Diagnostic Engineering Research Centre > Energy, Emissions and the Environment Research Group
School of Computing and Engineering > Diagnostic Engineering Research Centre > Machinery Condition and Performance Monitoring Research Group
School of Computing and Engineering > Diagnostic Engineering Research Centre > Measurement System and Signal Processing Research Group
School of Computing and Engineering > High-Performance Intelligent Computing
School of Computing and Engineering > High-Performance Intelligent Computing > Information and Systems Engineering Group
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Depositing User: Belachew Tesfa
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2013 15:35
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2016 14:03
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/19306

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