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How places influence crime: The impact of surrounding areas on neighbourhood burglary rates in a British City

Hirschfield, Alex, Birkin, M., Brunsdon, C., Malleson, N. and Newton, Andrew D. (2013) How places influence crime: The impact of surrounding areas on neighbourhood burglary rates in a British City. Urban Studies. ISSN 0042-0980

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Abstract

Burglary prevalence within neighbourhoods is well understood but the risk from bordering areas is under-theorised and under-researched. If it were possible to fix a neighbourhood’s location but substitute its surrounding areas, one might expect to see some influence on its crime rate. But by treating surrounding areas as independent observations, ecological studies assume that identical neighbourhoods with markedly different surroundings are equivalent. If not, knowing the impact of different peripheries would have significance for crime prevention, land use planning and other policy domains. This paper tests whether knowledge of the demographic makeup of surrounding areas can improve on the prediction of a neighbourhood's burglary rate based solely on its internal socio-demographics. Results identify significant between-area effects with certain types of periphery exerting stronger influences than others. The advantages and drawbacks of the Spatial Error and Predictor Lag model used in the analysis are discussed and areas for further research defined.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Schools: School of Human and Health Sciences
School of Human and Health Sciences > Applied Criminology Centre
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Depositing User: Cherry Edmunds
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2013 09:25
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2016 14:31
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/16839

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