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Cannabidiolic acid enhances 5-HT1A receptor activation and prevents vomiting in Suncus murinus and nausea-like behaviour in rats with greater potency and selectivity than cannabidiol

Bolognini, D., Rock, E.M., Cluny, N.L., Cascio, M.G., Limebeer, C.L., Duncan, M., Stott, C.G., Javid, Farideh A., Parker, L.A. and Pertwee, R.G. (2013) Cannabidiolic acid enhances 5-HT1A receptor activation and prevents vomiting in Suncus murinus and nausea-like behaviour in rats with greater potency and selectivity than cannabidiol. British Journal of Pharmacology, 168 (6). pp. 1456-1470. ISSN 0007-1188

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Abstract

Background and Purpose

To evaluate the ability of cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) to reduce nausea and vomiting and enhance 5-HT1A receptor activation in animal models.
Experimental Approach

We investigated the effect of CBDA on (i) lithium chloride (LiCl)-induced conditioned gaping to a flavour (nausea-induced behaviour) or a context (model of anticipatory nausea) in rats; (ii) saccharin palatability in rats; (iii) motion-, LiCl- or cisplatin-induced vomiting in house musk shrews (Suncus murinus); and (iv) rat brainstem 5-HT1A receptor activation by 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) and mouse whole brain CB1 receptor activation by CP55940, using [35S]GTPγS-binding assays.
Key Results

In shrews, CBDA (0.1 and/or 0.5 mg·kg−1 i.p.) reduced toxin- and motion-induced vomiting, and increased the onset latency of the first motion-induced emetic episode. In rats, CBDA (0.01 and 0.1 mg·kg−1 i.p.) suppressed LiCl- and context-induced conditioned gaping, effects that were blocked by the 5-HT1A receptor antagonist, WAY100635 (0.1 mg·kg−1 i.p.), and, at 0.01 mg·kg−1 i.p., enhanced saccharin palatability. CBDA-induced suppression of LiCl-induced conditioned gaping was unaffected by the CB1 receptor antagonist, SR141716A (1 mg·kg−1 i.p.). In vitro, CBDA (0.1–100 nM) increased the Emax of 8-OH-DPAT.
Conclusions and Implications

Compared with cannabidiol, CBDA displays significantly greater potency at inhibiting vomiting in shrews and nausea in rats, and at enhancing 5-HT1A receptor activation, an action that accounts for its ability to attenuate conditioned gaping in rats. Consequently, CBDA shows promise as a treatment for nausea and vomiting, including anticipatory nausea for which no specific therapy is currently available.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Schools: School of Applied Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Graham Stone
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2012 12:08
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2013 12:01
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/15806

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