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Influence of production variables for biodiesel synthesis on yields and fuel properties, and optimization of production conditions

Abuhabaya, Abdullah , Fieldhouse, John D. and Brown, D.R. (2013) Influence of production variables for biodiesel synthesis on yields and fuel properties, and optimization of production conditions. Fuel, 103. pp. 963-969. ISSN 0016-2361

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Abstract

This study presents an experimental investigation into the effects of using bio-diesel on diesel engine performance and its emissions. The bio-diesel fuels were produced from vegetable oils using the transesterification process with low molecular weight alcohols and sodium hydroxide then tested on a steady state engine test rig using a Euro 4 four cylinder Compression Ignition (CI) engine. Production optimization was achieved by changing the variables which included methanol/oil molar ratio, NaOH catalyst concentration, reaction time, reaction temperature, and rate of mixing to maximize bio-diesel yield. The technique used was the response surface methodology. In addition, a second-order model was developed to predict the bio-diesel yield if the production criteria is known. The model was validated using additional experimental testing.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Schools: School of Applied Sciences
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Depositing User: Graham Stone
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2012 12:04
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2013 10:09
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/15579

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