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Molar mass and solution conformation of branched alpha(1 - 4), alpha(1 - 6) Glucans. Part I: Glycogens in water

Morris, Gordon, Ang, S., Hill, S. E., Lewis, S., Schafer, B., Nobbmann, U. and Harding, S. E. (2008) Molar mass and solution conformation of branched alpha(1 - 4), alpha(1 - 6) Glucans. Part I: Glycogens in water. Carbohydrate Polymers, 71 (1). pp. 101-108. ISSN 0144-8617

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    Abstract

    Solution molar masses and conformations of glycogens from different sources (rabbit, oyster, mussel and bovine) were analysed using sedimentation velocity in the analytical ultracentrifuge, size-exclusion chromatography coupled to multi-angle laser light scattering (SEC-MALLS), size-exclusion chromatography coupled to a differential pressure viscometer and dynamic light scattering. Rabbit, oyster and mussel glycogens consisted of one population of high molar mass (weight averages ranging from 4.6 x 106 to 1.1 x 107 g/mol) as demonstrated by sedimentation velocity and SEC-MALLS, whereas bovine glycogen had a bimodal distribution of significantly lower molar mass (1.0 x 105 and 4.5 x 105 g/mol). The spherical structure of all glycogen molecules was demonstrated in the slopes of the Mark-Houwink-Kuhn-Sakurada-type power-law relations for sedimentation coefficient (s20,wo), intrinsic viscosity ([η]), radius of gyration (rg,z) and radius of hydration (rH,z), respectively, and was further supported by the � (=rg,z/rH,z) function, the fractal dimension and the Perrin function. The degree of branching was estimated to be ∼10% from the shrinking factors, g′ (=[η]branched/[η]linear) and also h (=(f/fo)branched/(f/fo)linear), respectively, where (f/fo) is the translational frictional ratio, consistent with expectation. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Carbohydrate Polymers Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Carbohydrate Polymers Volume 71, Issue 1, 5 January 2008, Pages 101–108
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Branching Friction Glycogen Molar mass Sedimentation Shrinking factors Viscosity Chromatography Light scattering Proteins Shrinkage Water Bovinae Epioblasma capsaeformis Oryctolagus cuniculus Ostreidae
    Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
    Schools: School of Applied Sciences
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    Language of Original Document: English
    Correspondence Address: Morris, G.A.; School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington, LE12 5RD, United Kingdom; email: gordon.morris@nottingham.ac.uk
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    Depositing User: Gordon Morris
    Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2012 16:34
    Last Modified: 13 Sep 2012 16:34
    URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/14606

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