Sinha, Pammi and Hussey, Clare, J. (2009) Product Labelling for Improved End-of-Life Management. Technical Report. Centre for Remanufacturing & Reuse, Aylesbury, UK.
- Published Version
PDF (decision making tool)
This report considers product labelling to improve end-of-life (EoL) management of corporate clothing, taking into account the process of development, provision, retrieval and disposal. It is based on a study which was mainly desk research but, in order to gain accurate perspectives of each stage, face to face interviews were conducted to gain opinions from best practice stakeholders across the lifecycle. These included suppliers (companies that offer / create corporate clothing garments), providers (organisations that require staff members to wear clothing/uniform that presents a corporate image) and clothing recycler / re processors. A review of policy documents, information on labelling, reports and web based material has revealed issues that are likely to influence the position and future practice of suppliers and providers of corporate clothing.
We present, first, an overview of the role of eco-labelling within the contexts of government policy, financial revenue and market opportunities. This is followed by a brief explanation of the categorisation of the eco-labelling systems as they occur in the textiles industry. Tables in the Appendix present all the textiles eco-labels that were found through the research and those eco-labels that stipulate EoL management as part of their criteria for award are further examined. A major issue regarding eco-labelling is the cost, and this is considered with regard to manufacturers and buyers of corporatewear. The report ends by considering the issues for all the stakeholders and conducts a stakeholder analysis.
The report concludes with following recommendations:
• To corporate clothing providers: to capture a market opportunity and use eco-labels to promote their eco-credentials and to devise more efficient methods of recovering corporatewear to put into the reuse/recycle/ remanufacture routes.
• To raw material and corporatewear clothing manufacturers: source and use materials that are eco-labelled.
• To government (as providers of uniforms / work wear): to lead by example and encourage local authorities to use products with recognisable reuse/recyclable properties such as janitorial products (e.g. wipers)
• To government (in their role as policy makers): to recommend and stipulate a preference for eco-labelled corporatewear/fabrics wherever possible, in green public procurement policies and consider abolishing the tax tab, replacing with eco-label and stipulate that a proportion of any uniforms/clothing provided have the capacity to be re-worn (standard items that are not heavily branded), or reused (encourage the use of preferred pure blend fabrics).
• To corporatewear wearers: to be encouraged to return corporatewear to firms when they no longer use to ensure that it is placed into the companies’ EoL management systems for corporatewear – companies or government may consider some form of tax or levy until the uniform is returned.
• To textile recyclers: to encourage developing relationships with companies that provide corporatewear, and with corporatewear manufacturers to ensure that EoL management issues are considered throughout the product development and use phases of the lifecycle of the corporatewear.
|Item Type:||Monograph (Technical Report)|
|Additional Information:||Reproduced with permission of publisher ©Oakdene Hollins|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management|
|Schools:||School of Art, Design and Architecture|
AEON, (2004), “New Interface between the Sales Front and Social Contributions”
Atilgan, T. (2007), “Eco-labelling Applications in the Textile & Apparel Sector in Turkey”, FIBRES & TEXTILES in Eastern Europe April / June, Vol.15, No.2 (61), 14-19
BUYUSA.Gov (2009), “Doing Business In Denmark: A Country Commercial Guide for US Companies”, US & FOREIGN COMMERCIAL SERVICE AND US DEPARTMENT OF STATE http://www.buyusa.gov/denmark/en/ccg.html
Citizen’s Information (2008), “Standards for Product Labelling”, Environmental and Social Report, http://www.aeon.info/environment/report/english/e_2004pdf/e_01.pdf
Citizen’s Information (2008), http://www.citizensinformation.ie/categories/consumer-affairs/consumer-protection/product-safety-and-labelling/standards_for_product_labelling
Company Clothing (2007), “UK Corporate Clothing Market Report 2007-2012”, http://www.companyclothing.co.uk/index.cfm?fuseaction=marketreport.details
Defra (2008), Revised Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC), Transposition / Implementation, (http://www.defra.gov.uk/ENVIRONMENT/waste/thematicstrat/revised-wfd-transposition-implementation-dates.pdf).
Defra (2008), “Product roadmaps – Clothing”, November 2008. www.defra.gov.uk/environment/consumerprod/products/clothing.htm
De Man, R., F. Claus and K. Ankele (1997) Aufgaben des betrieblichen und betriebsübergreifenden Stoff-strommanagements (UBA publication 11/97; Berlin: Eric Schmitt).
Eco-labelling (2008), www.ecolabelling.org
Ecolabel Catalogue (2009), "all textile products ", the European Ecolabel Catalogue http://www.eco-label.com/default.htm
EPEA (Environmental Protection and Encouragement Agency) (2008a), “Homepage, About”, http://www.epea.com/english/epea/epea_about.htm
EPEA (Environmental Protection and Encouragement Agency) (2008b), “The Cradle to Cradle Certification Program, certification of products”, http://www.epea.com/english/cradle_certification/criteria.htm
EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) (1998), Environmental Labelling, Issues, Policies, and Practices Worldwide, Pollution Prevention Division Office of Pollution, Prevention and Toxics, USA.
ERM (Madsen, Jacob, Hartlin, Bryan, Perumalpillai, Shahila, Selby, Sarah and Aumônier, Simon) (2007), Mapping of Evidence on Sustainable Development Impacts that Occur in Life Cycles of Clothing: A Report to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Environmental Resources Management (ERM) Ltd. Defra, London.
European Commission (2008) “What is Integrated Product Policy” 03.06.2008 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/ipp/integratedpp.htm
European Parliament (2008), “AMENDMENTS 14 – 24, Draft opinion on the proposal for a European Parliament and Council regulation on a Community Ecolabel scheme”, COM(2008)0401 – C6-0279/2008 – 2008/0152(COD), http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//NONSGML+COMPARL+PE-416.661+01+DOC+PDF+V0//EN&language=EN
European Commission (2008), “What is Integrated Product Policy?” http://ec.europa.eu/environment/ipp/integratedpp.htm
European Union (1996), Directive 96/74/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 1996 on textile names.
Fair trade (2008a) “the Fairtrade Certification System”, http://www.fairtrade.com.au/FLO/System
Fair-trade (2008b), “ISEAL alliance”, http://www.fairtrade.com.au/FLO/other/ISEAL
Fashion.informat (2008), “Exporting Textiles And Textile Products To The European Union.” http://www.infomat.com/research/infre0000331.html
ISO (2009), http://www.iso.org/iso/about/the_iso_story/iso_story_timeline.htm
LMB (2008), www.lmb.co.uk/design.php, “design projects”, November 2008.
MBDC (McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry) (2007) “Cradle to CradleSM Certification Program”, Charlottesville, VA, USA, 22902, www.mbdc.com
Parlikad, A. and McFarlane, D. (2004), Product Lifecycle Management, A Centre for Distributed Automation and Control Evening workshop, 19th May, Institute for Manufacturing, University of Cambridge, UK. http://www.ifm.eng.cam.ac.uk/automation/presentations/
Patagonia, (2009), “Environmentalism: What We Do” http://www.patagonia.com/web/us/
PROMPTEX, EURATEX and ETUFTCL (2005) “Public Procurement Awarding Guide for the Clothing Textile Sector: the most cost effective tender” European Union, http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/textile/documents/public_proc_en.pdf
Research and Markets (2009), “Uniforms & Corporatewear (UK) - Portfolio Analysis”, http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/359720/
Rubik, F. and Frankl, P., editors, (2005), The Future of Eco-Labelling; making environmental information systems effective, Greenleaf Publishing, Sheffield.
Tukker, Huppes, Guinée, Heijungs, de Koning, van Oers, Suh, Geerken, Van Holderbeke, Jansen, and Nielsen (2006), Environmental Impact of Products (EIPRO): Analysis of the life cycle environmental impacts related to the final consumption of the EU-25, Technical Report EUR 22284 EN, European Commission.
SAI (Social Accountability International) (2008), SA 8000 certification (http://www.sa-intl.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=Page.viewPage&pageId=617&parentID=473).
Severs, J (2009), “The taxing issue of clothing recycling”, Company Clothing, pp26-27, London, UK.
US EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) (1994) Determinants of Effectiveness for Environmental Certification and Labelling Programs (Washington, D.C.: US EPA)
|Depositing User:||Pammi Sinha|
|Date Deposited:||28 Mar 2013 15:45|
|Last Modified:||22 Apr 2017 04:03|
Downloads per month over past year
Repository Staff Only: item control page