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Accurate determination of clinical wear in retrieved metal-on-metal hip replacement joints

Bills, Paul J., Racasan, R., Hart, A. J., Skinner, J. and Blunt, Liam (2012) Accurate determination of clinical wear in retrieved metal-on-metal hip replacement joints. In: Euro-Mediterranean Conference on Bioengineering and Biomaterials, 4th-6th July 2012, Fes, Morocco. (Unpublished)

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    Abstract

    The 2011 edition of the England and Wales National Joint Registry shows an increased failure rate for resurfacing and Large Head Metal-on-Metal (LHMoM) hips compared to other designs. The recent recall of the DePuy ASR has only increased the worldwide interest in the assessment of wear of explanted hip joints. The failure of these components has been linked to increased wear rates. Measuring the wear of explanted components allows a direct insight into the in-vivo behaviour of the implants. Wear analysis is a vital tool in determining failure mechanisms and ultimately improving the longevity of joint replacements through improved design and manufacturing control. To achieve this methods have been developed to accurately quantify in vivo total joint replacement wear from retrieved total hip replacement components.
    In this study a CMM and a roundness machine were used to develop traceable measurement methods to determine the overall contribution to wear of each component interface. A number of retrieved hip replacement bearings were supplied and both bearing surfaces and taper junction were analysed. The results are discussed and are analysed in light of possible implications regarding component failure mode.

    Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
    Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
    R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
    T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
    Schools: School of Computing and Engineering
    School of Computing and Engineering > Centre for Precision Technologies > Surface Metrology Group
    School of Computing and Engineering > Centre for Precision Technologies > EPSRC Centre for Innovative Manufacturing in Advanced Metrology
    Related URLs:
    Depositing User: Paul Bills
    Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2012 10:28
    Last Modified: 21 Jan 2013 16:14
    URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/14053

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