Search:
Computing and Library Services - delivering an inspiring information environment

Sustainable Waste Management Strategies in the Fashion Industry Sector

Dissanayake, D. G. K. and Sinha, Pammi (2012) Sustainable Waste Management Strategies in the Fashion Industry Sector. International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability, 8 (1). pp. 77-90. ISSN 1832-2077

[img] PDF (Sustainable Waste Management Strategies in the Fashion Industry Sector)
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (3548kB)

    Abstract

    The environmental impact of production and consumption has been addressed globally since the 1992 Rio Earth Summit; and in 2002 at the Johannesburg World Summit a 10-year framework was developed to promote sustainable production and consumption patterns (Ferrara and Serret, 2008). Agenda 21 from the Rio Earth Summit highlighted the fact that sustainable consumption is an issue that needs to be addressed in terms of waste reduction, resource conversion, and control of pollution. Section II of the framework focuses on waste management: minimising waste and maximising reuse and recycling of environmentally sound waste.

    Fashion consumption and sustainability are often opposing ideas. Fashion consumption is a highly resource-intensive, wasteful practice; and sustainability frowns on wasteful consumption. Sustainability in the fashion business is still an emerging agenda, not yet established, and many authors have recognised the importance of investigating how sustainability could be achieved (Young et al 2004, Pears 2006, Fletcher 2008). Reuse or recycling of discarded fashion items reduces the environmental impact significantly compared to the purchase of new fashion products. It has been found that approximately 65kWh of energy is saved for every kilogram of cotton replaced by used clothing, and 90 kWh of energy is saved for every kilogram of polyester replaced (Woolridge et al, 2006). Additionally, closing the materials and product cycles is becoming an increasingly important aspect of any recovery option (Michaud and Llerena, 2006).

    In order to understand how the clothing end-of-life management is practically handled in the UK, this study examined the current processes and strategies within the UK to utilizing textile wastes with the aim of reducing the volume of textiles and clothing sent to landfill. Based on the study, this paper presents an overview of three end-of-life waste management strategies: reusing, recycling and refashioning. We discuss the advantages and implications of each strategy and conclude by providing recommendations for the development of waste diversion programs and sustainable business models.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: remanufactured, sustainable, fashion, business process, design, recycle
    Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures
    T Technology > TT Handicrafts Arts and crafts
    Schools: School of Art, Design and Architecture
    Related URLs:
    References:

    Bauer, G., Beullens,P., Dueh, J., Günther,H., Helmreich,S., Jammernegg, W., Judl, J., Kannegiesser, M., Koskela,S. Mattila, T., Ries, J., Rosič,H., Treitl,S., Ishizaka, A., (2011). Deliverable 4: Economic and environmental sustainability of new logistics and manufacturing systems. Vienna, Austria. Available at : http://internal.logman-footprint.eu. [Accessed on 10th March 2011].

    Britwistle, G. and Moore C.M. (2007).Fashion clothing – where does it all end up? International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management. 35(3), pp 210-216.

    Claudio, L. (2007), Waste Couture: Environmental Impact of the Clothing Industry, Environmental Health Perspectives, 115 (9), pp 448-454.

    Cooper, T. (1994) Beyond Recycling: The longer life option. The new economics
    Foundation.

    Defra (2010) Sustainable Clothing Action Plan. Available at:
    http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/business/products/roadmaps/clothing/documents/clothing-action-plan-feb10.pdf. [ Accessed on 20th December 2010].

    Defra (2009) Maximising Reuse and Recycling of UK Clothing and Textiles.
    Available at : http://www.oakdenehollins.co.uk/pdf/defra_173_summary_issue_4.pdf
    [Accessed on 22nd March 2010].

    Defra (2006). Recycling of Low grade Clothing Waste. Available at: http://www.oakdenehollins.co.uk/pdf/defr01_058_low_grade_clothing-public_v2.pdf
    [Accessed on 06th December 2008].

    Dupin, C. (2003), The shirt off our backs, Journal of Commerce, Available from:
    http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-7971787_ITM. [Accessed on
    12 March 2009].

    ENDS Report (2010). Scotland issues consultation on zero-wastes rules, 431, pp32-33.

    Ferrara, I and Serret, Y. (2008). Introduction.. OECD Journal, 2, pp5-17.

    Fletcher, K., 2008. Sustainable Fashion and Textiles, Design Journeys, Earthscan, London.

    Guide,D., and Van Wassenhove, L. (2001). Managing product returns for remanufacturing. Production and Operations Management. 10(2); pp 142-155.

    Johnson, M.R., and Wang, M.H. (1995). Planning product disassembly for material recovery opportunities. International Journal of Production Research. 33(11), pp 3119-3142.

    Hawley, J.M. (2006). Digging for the Diamond: A Conceptual Framework for Understanding Reclaimed Textile Products. Clothing and Textiles Research Journal. 24 (3), pp 262-275.

    Pears, K.E., 2006. Fashion Re-consumption; developing a sustainable fashion consumption practice influenced by sustainability and consumption theory. Published Masters Dissertation. RMIT University.

    Marks and Spencer Plc., (2011). Plan A: Doing the Right Thing. Available at: http://plana.marksandspencer.com/about/partnerships/oxfam/stories/10/. [Accessed on 02 February 2011]

    Mayo, Ed and Fielder, A. (2006). I will if you will. Consumer Policy Review. 16(4),
    pp148-155.

    Michaud, C., Llerena, D., 2006. An economic perspective on remanufactured products: industrial and consumption challenges for life cycle engineering. 13th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering. May 31st -June 2nd 2006. Leuven, 543-548.

    Monsoon (2011). Facing the future together. Available at: http://www.monsoon.co.uk/corporate-responsibility+culture/clothes-for-life/page/clothesforlife/ [Accessed on 11th September 2011].

    Salvation Army Trading Company (2010). Why Recycle. Available at:
    http://www.wear2bank.co.uk/Why-Recycle. Accessed on 21st December 2010

    Teijin (2008). Environmentally- friendly materials from Teijin Fibres. Available at: http://www.teijinfiber.com/english/environment/index.html. [Accessed on 13th November 2010]

    Waste Online (2009). The Waste guide. Available at :
    http://www.wasteonline.org.uk/resources/wasteguide/mn_wastetypes_textiles.html
    [Accessed on 27th June 2009].

    Waste Online (2006). Textile recycling information sheet. Available at: http://www.wasteonline.org.uk/resources/InformationSheets/Textiles.htm. [Accessed on 17th August 2009].

    Woolridge, A.C., Ward, G.D., Phillips, P.S., Collins, M., Gandy. M., 2006. Life cycle assessment for reuse/recycling of donated waste textiles compared to use of virgin material: An UK energy saving perspective. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 46, pp 94–103.

    Young, C., Jirousek, C. and Ashdown, S. (2004). Undesigned: A study in sustainable design of Apparel using Post-Consumer Recycled Clothing. Clothing and Textiles Research Journal. 22(1/2), pp 61-68.

    Depositing User: Pammi Sinha
    Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2012 16:21
    Last Modified: 23 Apr 2013 20:28
    URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/13320

    Document Downloads

    Downloader Countries

    More statistics for this item...

    Item control for Repository Staff only:

    View Item

    University of Huddersfield, Queensgate, Huddersfield, HD1 3DH Copyright and Disclaimer All rights reserved ©