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Effectiveness of Same Versus Mixed Asthma Inhaler Devices: A Retrospective Observational Study in Primary Care

Price, David, Chrystyn, Henry, Kaplan, Alan, Haughney, John, Román-Rodríguez, Miguel, Burden, Annie, Chisholm, Alison, Hillyer, Elizabeth V., von Ziegenweidt, Julie, Ali, Muzammil and van der Molen, Thys (2012) Effectiveness of Same Versus Mixed Asthma Inhaler Devices: A Retrospective Observational Study in Primary Care. Allergy Asthma and Immunology Research, 4 (4). pp. 184-191. ISSN 2092-7355

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Abstract

Purpose

Correct use of inhaler devices is fundamental to effective asthma management but represents an important challenge for patients. The correct inhalation manoeuvre differs markedly for different inhaler types. The objective of this study was to compare outcomes for patients prescribed the same inhaler device versus mixed device types for asthma controller and reliever therapy.

Methods

This retrospective observational study identified patients with asthma (ages 4-80 years) in a large primary care database who were prescribed an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) for the first time. We compared outcomes for patients prescribed the same breath-actuated inhaler (BAI) for ICS controller and salbutamol reliever versus mixed devices (BAI for controller and pressurised metered-dose inhaler [pMDI] for reliever). The 2-year study included 1 baseline year before the ICS prescription (to identify and correct for confounding factors) and 1 outcome year. Endpoints were asthma control (defined as no hospital attendance for asthma, oral corticosteroids, or antibiotics for lower respiratory tract infection) and severe exacerbations (hospitalisation or oral corticosteroids for asthma).

Results

Patients prescribed the same device (n=3,428) were significantly more likely to achieve asthma control (adjusted odds ratio, 1.15; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02-1.28) and recorded significantly lower severe exacerbation rates (adjusted rate ratio, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.68-0.93) than those prescribed mixed devices (n=5,452).

Conclusions

These findings suggest that, when possible, the same device should be prescribed for both ICS and reliever therapy when patients are initiating ICS.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Schools: School of Applied Sciences
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Depositing User: Sara Taylor
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2012 14:20
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2012 09:41
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/13306

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