J.L. Gimenez Lópeza, T. Magal Royoa, Jesus García Labordab and F. Garde Calvoa, Methods of adapting digital content for the learning process via mobile devices, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Volume 1, Issue 1, 2009, Pages 2673-2677.
 E.W .T . Ngai, A. Gunasekaran, A review for mobile commerceresearchandapplications Decision Support Systems, Volume 43, Issue 1, February 2007, Pages 3-15.
 Seibu Mary J., Biju I. (January 2008) Mobile Technologies and its impact - an análisis in higher education context. iJIM -Volume 2, Issue 1, Pp 17.
 Lina Nayak, Joseph P. Erinjeri, Audience Response Systems in Medical Student Education Benefit Learners and Presenters, Academic Radiology, Volume 15, Issue 3, March 2008, Pages 383-389.
 Vicki Roth, Volodymyr Ivanchenko, Nicholas Record, Evaluating student response to WeBWorK, a web-based homework delivery and grading system, Computers & Education, Volume 50, Issue 4, May 2008, Pages 1462-1482.
 Joan Lu, John B. Stav, Carl Pain: A Student Response System Based on the Latest Hand Held Mobile Technology. Proceedings of International Conference on Internet Computing 2009: page 331-337.
 Joan Lu, "Student Response System", demonstrated in the world largest e-learning conference and selected to demonstrate in European Commission stand as one of four EU projects in Berlin, Germany, 2-4 December 2009.
 Tuning technologies, http://www.turningtechnologies.com/studentresponsesystem/, accessed January 2010-02-03.
 Joan Lu, Zhaozong Meng, Gehao Lu, “A new approach in improving operational efficiency of wireless response system” January 2011.
 Doctrine ORM, URL: http://www.doctrine-project.org/.  Propel ORM, URL: http://www.propelorm.org/.
 Scalability performance of MySQL, http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.0/en/index.html.
 MySQL customers, http://www.mysql.com/customers/.
 Spiegler I; Maayan R (1985). "Storage and retrieval considerations of binary data bases". Information Processing
Conclusions and Future Work
6 6.1 Achievements
The initial investigation of the database architecture has to evolve into the following:
• • •
Database model establishment.
Integration with mobile based application and possibly multiple interfaces.
Although the initial research is in the area of structured data formats collected from the student response system, further investigation is highly desirable to build a scalable data model that will enable multimedia support for unstructured data such as texts, images, documents, video clips on handheld devices without affecting the throughput or performance of the system.
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
and Management: an International Journal 21(3).doi:10.1016/0306-4573(85)90108-6.
 Rudolf Bayer and Edward M. McCreight, “Organization and Maintenance of Large Ordered Indices”, Acta Informatica t, 173-t89 0972), Received September 29, t 97t.
 Jani Mantyjarvia, Tapio Seppanenb, "Adapting applications in handheld devices using fuzzy context information", Interacting with Computers 15 (2003) 521–538.
 Ing-Marie Jonsson, Clifford Nass, K.Kwan Min Lee, "Mixing personal computer and handheld interfaces and devices: effects on perceptions and attitudes", School of Computer Science and Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology and Dejima Inc., 160 West Santa Clara Street, San Jose, CA 95113, USA.
 Amailef, K.; Jie Lu; "m-Government: A framework of mobile-based emergency response systems", Sch. of Software, Univ. of Technol., Sydney, NSW, Australia.
 B+ Tree,
 Pei-Ping Luo, Shuing-Bo Yang, Chih-Hung Lai and Jing-San Liang, Development and Evaluation of Mobile Learning System for Collaborative Learning, UbiLearn 2010 (2010).
 Dan Corlett, Mike Sharples, Susan Bull and Tony Chan, Evaluation of a Mobile Learning Organiser for University Students, Evaluation of a Mobile Learning Organiser for University Students, Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 21, pp. 162-170 (2005).
 Jie-Chi Yang and Kun-Huang Chien, Development and Evaluation of a Mobile Learning System for Energy Education, www.ncu.edu.tw/~ncu7020/Files/Phd_Repord/98/08/thesis.pd f (2008).
 Luvai Motiwalla, Mobile learning: A framework and evaluation, Computers & Education 49, pp.581–596,(2007).
 Satoko Amemiya, Kazunori Hasegawa, Keiichi Kaneko, Haruko Miyakoda and Wataru Tsukahara, Development and Evaluation of a Foreign-Word Learning System by iPods, Proceeding of Sixth IASTED International Conference WEB- BASED EDUCA TION, Chamonix, France, pp.264-269, (2007).
 Debra Nestel et al., Evaluation of mobile learning: Students’ experiences in a new rural-based medical school, BMC Medical Education (2010).
 Carlos Pais, V. Fernão Pires, Rui Amaral, João Amaral, João Martins, Carlos Luz, O. P. Dias, “A Strategy to Improve Engineering Teaching Process Based on an ELearning Approach”, 5th International Conference on Information Technology Based Higher Education and Training, pp. 1-4, May– June 2004.
 V . Kukk, “Analysis of Experience: Fully W eb Based Introductory Course in Electrical Engineering”, 1th International Workshop on e-learning and Virtual and Remote Laboratories (VIRTUAL-LAB), pp. 111-118, August 2004.
 MySQL Database, http://www.mysql.com/, 2008.
 PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor, http://www.php.net/, 2008.
 Wildenberg, A. (2005). Collaborative research: Adapting and extending WeBWorK for use in the computer science curriculum (NSF Award Abstract No. 0511391). http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward.do?AwardNumb er=0511391.
 Gage, M., Pizer, A., & Roth, V. (2002). WeBWorK: Generating, delivering, and checking math homework via the Internet. In: ICTM2 international congress for teaching of mathematics at the undergraduate level, Hersonissos, Crete, Greece. http://www.math.uoc.gr/~ictm2/Proceedings/pap189.pdf.
 C.J. Date, in: I.E. Board (Ed.), An Introduction to Database Systems, sixth ed, Addison-Wesley Systems Programming SeriesAddison- Wesley, Reading, Massachusetts, 1995.
 D. Fensel, R. Groenboom, A software architecture for knowledge-based systems, The Knowledge Engineering Review, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999 pp. 153±175.
 B. Chandrasekaran, Generic tasks in knowledge-based reasoning: high level building blocks for expert system design, IEEE Expert 1(3) (1986) 23±30.
 D.S.W. Tansley, C.C. Hayball, in: R. Welland (Ed.), Knowledge-Based Systems Analysis and Design; A KADS Developer's Hand-book, BCS Practitioner Series Prentice Hall, Hemel Hempstead, 1993.
 E. Anwar, L. Maugis and S. Chakravarthy, A new perspective on rule support for object-oriented databases. in: Proc. Int. Conf. on Management of Data, Washington, D.C. (May 1993) 99-108.