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The use of IQ and descriptions of people with intellectual disabilities in the scientific literature

Laird, C. and Whitaker, Simon (2011) The use of IQ and descriptions of people with intellectual disabilities in the scientific literature. British journal of developmental disabilities, 57 (113). pp. 175-183. ISSN 0969-7950

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      Abstract

      A necessary though not sufficient part of most internationally recognised definitions of Intellectual Disability (ID) is having a measured intellectual quotient (IQ) less than a critical figure, usually 70, for example the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD, 2010), the World Health Organisation (WHO, 1996), and the American Psychiatric Association (APS, 2000). Measured IQ is therefore one of the major descriptors of people with ID in the scientific literature as well as being an important independent or dependent variable. However, recent work on the accuracy to which low IQ can be measured has suggested that degree of error is much greater than had previously been thought.

      Item Type: Article
      Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
      H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
      H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
      Schools: School of Human and Health Sciences
      School of Human and Health Sciences > Centre for Applied Psychological Research
      School of Human and Health Sciences > Centre for Health and Social Care Research
      Related URLs:
      Depositing User: Sara Taylor
      Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2011 14:09
      Last Modified: 13 Oct 2011 08:59
      URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/11127

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