Haram, Mansaf, Wang, Tie, Gu, Fengshou and Ball, Andrew (2011) An Investigation of the Electrical Response of A Variable Speed Motor Drive for Mechanical Fault Diagnosis. In: Proceedings of the 24th International Congress on Condition Monitoring and Diagnostic Engineering Management (COMADEM 2011). COMADEM, pp. 867-874. ISBN 0954130723
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Motor current signal analysis has been an effective way for many years to monitor electrical machines. However, little research work has been reported in using this technique for monitoring variable speed drives and their downstream equipment. This paper investigates the dynamic responses of the electrical current signals measured from a variable speed drive for monitoring the faults from a downstream gearbox. An analytical study is firstly presented in the paper to show the characteristics of the current
signals due to load variation, fault effects and signal phase variation. Experimental study is then conducted under different gear fault conditions to explore the changes of the signals. Both conventional spectrum analysis and an amplitude modulation (AM) bispectrum representation are used to highlight the changes
for reliable fault detection. It has been found experimentally that mechanical faults lead to much higher increases in bispectral amplitudes compared to conventional spectra and hence that detection performance of the AM bispectrum is better when the drive operates non-slip compensation mode. For slip compensation, more accurate signal analysis techniques have to be developed to differentiate the small changes in the signals.
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