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Reliable measurements of the size distributions of starch molecules in solution: Current dilemmas and recommendations

Gidley, M. J., Hanashiro, I., Hani, N. M., Hill, S. E., Huber, A., Jane, J. L., Liu, Q., Morris, Gordon, Rolland-Sabate, A., Striegel, A. M. and Gilbert, R. G. (2010) Reliable measurements of the size distributions of starch molecules in solution: Current dilemmas and recommendations. Carbohydrate Polymers, 79 (2). pp. 255-261. ISSN 0144-8617

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Abstract

Characterisation of the distribution functions describing size-related parameters of individual whole starch molecules in solution is important for establishing biosynthesis-processing-structure-property relations, for improvements in human and animal nutrition, and for industrial applications of starch. Current techniques for obtaining these distributions suffer from a number of problems in dissolution procedures, size separation, detection, data processing and data reporting. The need is for techniques that have been shown to give an unbiased sampling of the distribution of the starch in its original state, and which are reproducible (i.e., the same results can be obtained with a given sample in a different laboratory and different experimental set-up). The problems with current methodologies are summarized here by an IUPAC-sponsored international group of specialists in the field. Steps to resolving these problems are also discussed. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Analytical ultracentrifuge Field-flow fractionation Molecular weight Multiple-angle laser light scattering Size-exclusion chromatography Starch Characterisation Current techniques Data reporting Experimental setup International group Reliable measurement Starch molecules Structure property relation Biochemistry Centrifugation Centrifuges Chromatographic analysis Data processing Dissolution Distribution functions Industrial applications Light scattering Liquid chromatography Refraction Size separation Size exclusion chromatography Animalia
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Schools: School of Applied Sciences
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Cited By (since 1996): 14
Export Date: 12 May 2011
Source: Scopus
CODEN: CAPOD
doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2009.07.056
Language of Original Document: English
Correspondence Address: Gilbert, R.G.; Centre for Nutrition and Food Sciences, Hartley Teakle Bld., University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia; email: b.gilbert@uq.edu.au
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Depositing User: Gordon Morris
Date Deposited: 19 May 2011 12:03
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2013 15:20
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/10463

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