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The Impact of Friendship on Social Mediators of Problem Solving by Analogy; Implications for Classroom Practice

Pressler, Shirley J. and Ryley, L. (2003) The Impact of Friendship on Social Mediators of Problem Solving by Analogy; Implications for Classroom Practice. Proceedings of the British psychological society, 11 (2). p. 232. ISSN 1350-472X

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Abstract

Use of analogy, peer support, and friendship have all been shown to have an impact on children’s problem solving. The main objective of the study was to investigate social exchanges amongst groups of problem solvers in a learning context, using established problem analogies. Groups contrasted varied in respect of level of friendship. These consisted of three groups: - (i) friends, (ii) acquaintances, and (iii) a mixture of friends and acquaintances. The established problem materials used, had previously shown knowledge re-structuring during problem solving by analogy, when children completed problems on an individual basis but in the classroom group. In the current study problem analogy outcomes were analysed in terms of solutions considered, and explanations for solutions raised, in conjunction with types of talk (e.g. disputational, cumulative and exploratory) across the three types of friendship groups. The success of small group problem solving and the impact of friendship are discussed. The usefulness of collaborative learning, involving conflict and/or co-operation is explored in relation to theories of development and implications for classroom practice.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Paper presented at the British Psychological Society Education Section Annual Conference, National Education Centre, London, 1st–3rd November 2002
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
Schools: School of Human and Health Sciences
School of Human and Health Sciences > Centre for Applied Childhood Studies
School of Human and Health Sciences > Centre for Applied Psychological Research
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Depositing User: Cherry Edmunds
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2011 16:48
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2011 16:48
URI: http://eprints.hud.ac.uk/id/eprint/10237

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